Some of the home remedies for leucorrhoea or leukorrhea include eating a healthy and nutritious diet, practicing good hygiene, exercising regularly, and using a decoction made of fenugreek seeds and basil leaves. Other home remedies include coriander seeds, mango, neem, Aloe Vera, okra, Indian gooseberry, and bananas. Maintaining good hygiene will also help you prevent many vaginal infections and also provide relief from the existing symptoms.
What is Leucorrhoea?
Leucorrhoea is a state or a condition that affects the vaginal region in women. This condition is also known as the ‘whites’ because a white discharge is released. Generally, this white discharge helps in flushing out bacteria and other microbes that enter the body. The discharge is generally, pale white or clear in color and odorless, but at times, the discharge can be of different colors, depending on the composition. If the composition has desquamated epithelium and mucus, then the color of the discharge is bluish-white, it is yellow and greenish yellow due to pus and bacteria. It can also be a chocolate color or blood-colored due to old or fresh blood. In some women, the discharge can be a few drops, while in others, the discharge may be continuous. These secretions help protect the interior of the body with these mucous-like secretions and they might not necessarily be harmful.
It is believed that estrogen imbalance is one of the causes of leucorrhoea. Under infectious conditions and sexually transmitted diseases (STD), the amount of discharge increases significantly. Vaginal infections can include bacterial infections, yeast infections, and fungal infections. Leucorrhoea is also observed during a woman’s menstrual cycle.
What are the Types of Leucorrhoea?
There are two types of leucorrhoea, namely physiological leucorrhoea and Pathological leucorrhoea.
Physiological Leucorrhoea: In this condition, there is an excessive discharge or secretion from a normal vagina. This generally occurs in teenage girls when there is a hormonal imbalance, at the time of the ovulation period of the menstrual cycle and sometimes before the period properly begins. In adults, physiological leucorrhoea is seen in the early days of pregnancy and during sexual excitement. More often, this kind of discharge does not require the use of any medication.
Pathological Leucorrhoea: Pathological leucorrhoea is caused by a malfunction or disease in the female reproductive tract. The discharge can be slimy or may contain blood and can have a foul smell. Ignoring the symptoms of this type of leucorrhoea may lead to problems such as uterus removal or the loss of fertility. It can be seen in women suffering from cervicitis or vaginitis.
Causes of Leucorrhoea
Common causes of leucorrhoea include the following:
Poor Hygiene and Diseases: Unhygienic conditions, especially during days of the menstrual cycle, can lead to leucorrhoea. The presence of other diseases in the body can lower immunity and make the body susceptible to infections and subsequent discharge.
Injury: Any injury or infections in the vagina or womb can also lead to leucorrhoea. The injury and infection may occur due to frequent abortions, excessive indulgence in sex, and during or after childbirth.
Infections: Bacterial, fungal or parasitic infections in the vaginal area can also cause leucorrhoea. Some parasites like trichomonas vaginalis, bacteria like Gardnerella vaginalis and Chlamydia trachomatis can cause infections in humans. Diseases like syphilis, gonorrhea, and AIDS also show the presence of infectious bacteria. Moist, synthetic undergarments and clothes, combined with poor hygiene can also cause infections and vaginal discharge.
Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device: The use of IUCD’s sometimes causes irritation and discharge in females. Contraceptive devices should not be used without proper knowledge and instruction from a doctor.
What are the Symptoms of Leucorrhoea?
The only major symptom that is seen in a person with leucorrhoea is the vaginal discharge. The symptoms that occasionally accompany this discharge are:
Pain in the lower abdomen or legs (especially in the thigh and calf muscles), a frequent urge to urinate, soreness, irritation accompanied with intense itching in the genital tract, and an inability to concentrate on work due to consciousness of the discharges. Pain during intercourse and general fatigue due to loss of vital fluids as discharge is also seen in many women.
Home Remedies for Leucorrhoea
There are many home remedies that can be followed in order to reduce the pain and irritation caused by leucorrhoea. Read on to find out more about these helpful solutions.
Fenugreek seeds: Fenugreek seeds are beneficial in many diseases and disorders, including leucorrhoea. The seeds provide a soothing effect to the skin and mucous membranes. It helps to provide relief from irritation, swelling, and pain. Three teaspoons of fenugreek seeds can be boiled in approximately one liter of water for about half an hour. Strain the water and cool it. Drink this water for treating leucorrhoea effectively and quickly.
Guava Leaves: A decoction of guava leaves is frequently used to get rid of vaginal disorders. Boil some fresh guava leaves in about one liter of water for half an hour. Allow it to cool and then apply this on the vagina. Use this externally for vaginal irritation and discharge.
Coriander Seeds: Coriander is beneficial for giving relief from the symptoms of leucorrhoea. 10 grams of dry coriander seeds can be soaked in 100 ml of water overnight. This water should be drunk on an empty stomach the next morning. Doing this removes the toxins from the body and keeps the body healthy. Repeat this over a period of a week for best results.
Aloe Vera: Aloe vera helps in giving relief for condition such as leucorrhoea. It tones up the uterine tissue and helps to prevent the discharge of any abnormal fluids.
Neem: Neem or Azadirachta indica is also very useful for treating leucorrhoea. The juice obtained from the bark or rind of the neem plant should be taken along with white cumin seeds. Regularly drinking cow’s milk in the evening by adding a small amount of neem oil helps in curing leucorrhoea.
Rice and Water Decoction: A decoction made from rice and water is a very common and is an age-old remedy for white discharge. Boiling a half-fist full of rice in about one liter of water and then drinking this water after it cools can cure leucorrhoea. Also, adding the powder of jambul seeds into the boiled rice water is also known to cure the condition.
Mango: Mango can also be used as a home remedy to treat leucorrhoea. Decorticated kernels of mango can be made into a paste and applied inside the vagina for good results. The mango pulp made from ripe mangoes, when applied on the vagina, will help to give relief from the itching and irritation caused by leucorrhoea.
Okra: Okra or lady’s fingers are beneficial in curing leucorrhoea. A decoction made from about 200 grams of okra in one liter of water is helpful in the reduction of white discharge. This should be boiled on a low flame until the water reduces by half. Drinking this mixture will help in curing leucorrhoea. Try adding some honey or sugar to the decoction for improved taste.
Banyan or Fig Tree Bark: Douching the genital tract with a decoction of the bark of the fig tree or banyan tree is helpful in curing leucorrhoea. This will keep the vaginal tract healthy and clean.
Amaranth Root: Amaranth or amaranthus is a species of herb with antibacterial properties. It is helpful in treating many infections. The compounds present in the seeds of amaranth have properties that help in the healing of reproductive organs. Grind the healthy roots of amaranth and mix them in water. Drink this twice a day in the morning and in the evening to get the best results from leucorrhoea. Fresh leaves from the amaranth plant can be added to boiling water and used to get relief from the symptoms of leucorrhoea.
Walnut Leaves: The leaves from the walnut tree have astringent properties that are helpful in healing infections. Boil the leaves in water for about 20 minutes and this can used as a douche on the genital areas after it is strained. Repeat this three times a day for fast relief from leucorrhoea.
Indian Gooseberry: The powder from dried Indian gooseberry, or amla, is beneficial for leucorrhoea. Take some powder and add honey or sugar to it. Amla seed with a crystalline form of sugar also called mishri can be taken orally. This can be taken with a glass of water or milk. This powder can also be made into a paste and applied over the vaginal tract. Repeat this twice daily for best results.
Bananas: Eating bananas is a good home remedy for leucorrhea. Eat one ripe banana early in the morning every day, along with clarified butter for beneficial results. Other preparations, such as vegetable dishes cooked using raw bananas or a combination of banana/amla juice, raw sugar or jiggery gives good results. One can consume vegetable preparations made in the form of cooked or raw banana meals as well.
Other Recommendations for Treatment of Leucorrhoea
For a person with leucorrhoea, maintaining good hygiene is the key because the genital areas are sensitive and vulnerable to bacterial infections.
Hydrotherapy or cold water baths are beneficial and helps to relieve congestion in the pelvic region. Healing can be fast if hydrotherapy is followed on a daily basis.
Exercise improves blood circulation and removes toxins from the body, thereby improving the overall health of an individual.
Avoid foods that are spicy, fried, or made of white flour. The excessive use of tea, coffee, alcohol, or other condiments is also not good. Avoid canned food items and use more fresh and healthy foods like vegetables and fruits.
Aromatherapy, along with the anti-infective essential oils of rosemary and sandalwood, is an effective natural cure for leucorrhoea. This therapy gives relief from many of the troublesome symptoms of the condition.
While you are undergoing a treatment for leucorrhoea, avoid using deodorants, sprays, and synthetic garments which can act as irritants.