Asthma: Symptoms, Causes, & Diagnosis

by Vanya Sharma last updated -

 Likes  Comments

Asthma is a Greek word, which means ‘breathing problem’ and is caused due to various allergens. It causes malfunctioning of the respiratory system, although the patient can stay healthy and normal between attacks. Let us take a detailed look at it below.

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a condition of the lungs which leads to the narrowing and swelling of the air passage or the bronchial tubes, thereby making it difficult to breathe. According to the Asthma Clinical Research Centre, it is a major and costly public health problem, one that affects both kids and adults alike. It is a chronic condition which can also be life-threatening in severe cases.

Symptoms

Let’s take a look at the many prominent symptoms of asthma.

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Pain in the chest
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Trouble sleeping due to difficulty in breathing or wheezing
  • Whistling sound while breathing out or exhaling
  • Chronic cough

asthama

Causes

Asthma affects approximately 15 million Americans, nearly 5 million of whom are under the age of 18, as concluded by the Palo Alto Medical Foundation. Patients suffering from it feel more problems in exhaling than inhaling. The allergic reactions can be caused by the following:

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of asthma is carried out through laboratory tests, chest x-rays, physical examination, and careful measurement, according to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Environment control is the initial step, which has to be adopted for the regular treatment of this condition. People suffering from this condition need to pay close attention to the environment.

Monitoring the functioning of the lungs is the next essential step. Later, medications are prescribed. These medications are normally bronchodilators and corticosteroids. It is important to get an early diagnosis of this condition in order to prevent it from getting worse.

DMCA.com Protection Status
About the Author

Vanya is a passionate writer with interest in the field of health, nutrition, culture, and lifestyle. She wants to spread awareness about mental health and how to tackle it. Apart from work, she spends her time reading books, watching movies, listening to music, and sometimes just collecting her thoughts. One may often find her interacting with nature and its various aspects.

Rate this article
Average rating 4.0 out of 5.0 based on 1 user(s).