Asthma: Symptoms, Causes, & Diagnosis

by Vanya Sharma last updated -

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Asthma is a Greek word, which means ‘breathing problem’ and is caused due to various allergens. It causes malfunctioning of the respiratory system, although the patient can stay healthy and normal between attacks. Let us take a detailed look at it below.

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a condition of the lungs which leads to the narrowing and swelling of the air passage or the bronchial tubes, thereby making it difficult to breathe. According to the Asthma Clinical Research Centre, it is a major and costly public health problem, one that affects both kids and adults alike. It is a chronic condition which can also be life-threatening in severe cases.


Let’s take a look at the many prominent symptoms of asthma.

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Pain in the chest
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Trouble sleeping due to difficulty in breathing or wheezing
  • Whistling sound while breathing out or exhaling
  • Chronic cough



To increase the awareness of this condition, the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America has also marked May as the National Asthma and Allergy Awareness Month. It affects approximately 15 million Americans, nearly 5 million of whom are under the age of 18, as concluded by the Palo Alto Medical Foundation. Patients suffering from it feel more problems in exhaling than inhaling. The allergic reactions can be caused by the following:

  • Weather
  • Cold
  • Food
  • Perfumes
  • Physical activity
  • Medicines
  • Drugs
  • Dust and other irritants


Diagnosis of asthma is carried out through laboratory tests, chest x-rays, physical examination, and careful measurement, according to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Environment control is the initial step, which has to be adopted for the regular treatment of this condition. People suffering from this condition need to pay close attention to the environment.

Monitoring the functioning of the lungs is the next essential step. Later, medications are prescribed. These medications are normally bronchodilators and corticosteroids. It is important to get an early diagnosis of this condition in order to prevent it from getting worse. Protection Status
About the Author

Vanya Sharma handles the medical expert collaboration for Organic Facts. A writer at heart, she joined the website while she was still pursuing her English Literature degree from IGNOU, Delhi, India. She is also responsible for the website’s monthly newsletter and website content and contributes to Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube regularly. Currently pursuing an e-course offered by Stanford University, ‘Introduction to Food and Health’, she aims to bring unbiased and helpful information to all those seeking to make their health and lifestyle a priority.  

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