What is Autism

by Vanya Sharma last updated -

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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a long-term disability, which can manifest differently based upon ‘where an individual sits’ on the continuum of ASD. Persons with autism can have trouble interpreting social cues or manners of speaking (e.g. those that are idiomatic or abstract). However, many persons with ASD are high-functioning, intelligent people.

Autism is a very complex neurodevelopmental disorder that normally presents itself from birth, which is why parents usually become aware of it within the first two years of life, as a child’s personality begins to develop. It is most commonly identified by unusual social behavior, low interaction skills, communication difficulties, and compulsive or repetitive behavior, in some cases. Some of the persons with ASD consider themselves ordinary people; they believe they simply have a unique way of interacting with the world around them.

Causes of Autism

The precise causes of autism are not known. There is some evidence that genetic factors play a role. Certain illnesses contracted by a pregnant mother may also be correlated with developing autism (e.g. rubella). It occurs most often from birth, or prior to reaching the age of three. Autism tends to affect boys at a higher rate than girls. Despite persistent rumors, autism is not caused by immunization.

Since the cause of autism has been such a widely and hotly debated topic for so many years, it can be difficult to suggest preventative therapies. However, it is highly hereditary, although environmental factors have also been shown to have an impact on the likelihood of autism.

Can Autism be Cured?

There is no medicinal “cure” or formal treatment for autism, although there have been many breakthroughs with behavioral therapy to help autistic sufferers get past the sometimes crippling social impairment of the disorder. It can be managed effectively by making support available and increasing the general public’s awareness of autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

In the past, the label of autism was much narrower; it now falls under autism spectrum disorder, which also includes Asperger’s syndrome, child disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder. Although these conditions are similar, there are certain distinct differences and levels of severity.

autismThe most commonly recommended approach for autism is a combination of natural remedies and behavioral therapy to treat or, in some rare cases, apparently “cure” the disorder. That being said, the formal medical community has a very mixed perspective on the concept of “curing” autism, as some do not see it as a disease. In fact, some sufferers of autism, due to their focus on a single subject, ability, or skill set, become savants in a given area and are capable of truly incredible things that defy our understanding.

About the Author

Vanya is a passionate writer with interest in the field of health, nutrition, culture, and lifestyle. She wants to spread awareness about mental health and how to tackle it. Apart from work, she spends her time reading books, watching movies, listening to music, and sometimes just collecting her thoughts. One may often find her interacting with nature and its various aspects.

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