Autoimmune diseases are characterized by the condition when the ’s defense mechanism erroneously against itself and tends to destroy its own and . Basically, these up as a result of the inept response of the body against the components usually present inside the body.
More than 80 different kinds of immune diseases such as psoriasis, arthritis, Grave’s diseases, diabetes, multiple sclerosis have been recognized with its severity spanning from mild discomfort to fatal depending upon the part of the body which is affected and to what extent. diseases may lead to abnormal or inappropriate functioning of or it may damage multiple tissues and organs including skin, , red cells, , and connective tissues.
Autoimmune diseases may be classified into two categories: organ-specific and non-organ specific. In organ-specific diseases, a particular organ of the body may be affected while; in non-organ specific many different organs may be impacted. This could be due to the of a particular tissue in different parts of the body such as a immune system against blood may result in pernicious anemia, autoimmune thrombocytopenia while, faulty immune reaction against blood vessels may cause Behcet’s disease, arteritis and immune malfunctioning against system may cause Graves’ disease, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis to name a few.
Causes of Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Malfunction
In a healthy individual, T cancer cells and other from the environment. The immune system of the from autoimmune diseases the ability to figure out the difference between the harmful and healthy body cells. As a result, it begins to make antibodies to destroy normal and healthy body tissues as well. These antibodies are also called autoantibodies.i.e. the immune system cells shield the body from the components also known as antigens. The defense mechanism triggers the production of to fight against a range of such antigens including , ,
A simple way to understand this is, inreactions the immune system works against any foreign substances attacking the body and in autoimmune diseases, the immune system counters the functioning of body’s own healthy body tissues. The exact reason behind the occurrence of such diseases is still unidentified. Various suggest the role of certain or medications which may prompt these amendments in the body. Other major causes of autoimmune include:
The scientific findings also suspect some genetic intervention which may enhance the susceptibility to developing autoimmune diseases in some individuals and make them prone to such changes in the immune system. That infers that multiple members of the same family may suffer from a particular disease possibly due to a specificthat may and predisposes the members to it. Furthermore, individuals in the same family may inherit the same set of abnormal and yet develop different autoimmune diseases.
For an unknown reason,are more prone to developing autoimmune disorders as compared to .
Certain autoimmune diseases may be prompted as a consequence of particularcaused in the body.
Autoimmune disorders may have an menopause, , and childbirth which involve changes in the levels.of developing during reproductive age. They also appear to be positively or negatively by the certain such as
Symptoms of Autoimmune Diseases
Most of the autoimmune diseases have similar and yet affect different parts of the body. It may also vary from person to person depending upon the disorder and position where the immune system is responding peculiarly. Indications that commonly arise with the autoimmune disorder include
General Body Fatigue
Raised body temperature for the prolonged duration is another indicator of autoimmune disorders.
Apart from this, general feeling of illness and discomfort also known as malaise, enhanced vulnerability to infections, , excessive weight loss, hair loss, , , in and may also be the signs of developing autoimmune diseases.