What are Bed Bugs

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

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One of the most disturbing things to think about is insects crawling on your skin when you sleep, but unfortunately, that is precisely what happens to people who suffer from a bed bug infestation. Bites from bed bugs can be itchy, and can also cause allergic reactions in the body.

What are Bed Bugs?

Common bed bugs that feed on human blood are scientifically known as Cimex lectularius. They prefer to live in warm places, near bedding and sleep areas. Bed bugs are largely nocturnal and can reproduce very quickly. They are approximately 4-5 mm in size as an adult, and can largely go unrecognized. However, their bites appear as small red bites, and can also spread into a larger rash and general redness.

bed bugs

Following the bites, you can usually inspect the bedding closely to find the culprits. Fortunately, bed bugs are not known to carry pathogens or be more than a minor annoyance to humans, but they are still rather gross and can spread so quickly to other fabrics and bedding that outbreaks are common.

Some people choose to use pesticides to eliminate these bugs, but part of the reason they have seen a resurgence in recent years is due to pesticide resistance. Therefore, many people have turned to more trusted strategies that have fewer side effects for animals, small children, and the environment.

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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, and publisher who earned his English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign, Urbana (USA). He is the co-founder of a literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and calls the most beautiful places in the world his office. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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