5 Best Benefits Of Bison Meat

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

Eating bison meat is a rather exotic way to increase your omega-3 intake, along with numerous other health benefits.

What is Bison Meat?

Bison meat is the meat from the American bison, also commonly known as American buffalo, and is a delicious, nutrient-dense type of red meat. Bison meat is legal and is commonly served in many western states of the United States, such as Colorado, Nebraska, Utah, and Texas, among others. It is extremely tender, when cooked properly, and has a lighter texture than more traditional red meats, such as beef. It is also considered much healthier than other forms of red meat, due to its dense protein and omega-3 levels. Due to the exotic nature of this meat, however, it can be expensive, particularly if you aren’t in a region where bison are raised. [1]

Nutrition Facts

Game meat, bison, top round, separable lean only, 1" steak, raw
Serving Size :
Water [g]73.95
Energy 122
Energy [kJ]508
Protein [g]23.32
Total lipid (fat) [g]2.43
Ash [g]1.18
Calcium, Ca [mg]5
Iron, Fe [mg]2.66
Magnesium, Mg [mg]27
Phosphorus, P [mg]237
Potassium, K [mg]390
Sodium, Na [mg]47
Zinc, Zn [mg]2.92
Copper, Cu [mg]0.13
Manganese, Mn [mg]0.05
Selenium, Se [µg]35.3
Thiamin [mg]0.22
Riboflavin [mg]0.34
Niacin [mg]6.18
Pantothenic acid [mg]0.8
Vitamin B-6 [mg]0.56
Folate, total [µg]14
Folate, food [µg]14
Folate, DFE [µg]14
Vitamin B-12 [µg]1.55
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) [mg]0.17
Fatty acids, total saturated [g]1.04
8:0 [g]0
10:0 [g]0
12:0 [g]0
14:0 [g]0.04
15:0 [g]0.01
16:0 [g]0.44
17:0 [g]0.04
18:0 [g]0.5
20:0 [g]0.01
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g]0.95
14:1 [g]0
16:1 [g]0.05
17:1 [g]0.02
18:1 [g]0.87
20:1 [g]0.01
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g]0.11
18:2 [g]0.09
18:3 [g]0.01
20:3 [g]0
20:4 [g]0.01
Cholesterol [mg]65
Tryptophan [g]0.18
Threonine [g]1.06
Isoleucine [g]1.13
Leucine [g]2
Lysine [g]2.16
Methionine [g]0.63
Cystine [g]0.28
Phenylalanine [g]0.99
Tyrosine [g]0.79
Valine [g]1.26
Arginine [g]1.59
Histidine [g]0.85
Alanine [g]1.55
Aspartic acid [g]2.28
Glutamic acid [g]3.8
Glycine [g]1.51
Proline [g]1.19
Serine [g]0.97
Hydroxyproline [g]0.29
Sources include : USDA [2]

Nutritional Facts

When it comes to nutrition, bison meat contains fewer calories and saturated fat. It is a rich source of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), B vitamins and minerals such as iron, phosphorous, zinc, and selenium. [3]

Benefits of Bison Meat

The health benefits of bison include preventing cardiovascular problems, reducing inflammation, boosting the immune system, and stimulating growth and development, among others. Let us look at some of them in detail below:


With its relatively high levels of omega-3s, this meat is known to actually help inflammatory symptoms of arthritis and gout.

Immune System

There are high levels of zinc in this meat, which can improve the immune system’s function and keep you free of infections. [4]


The iron content in bison is impressively high, offering more than 50% of your daily requirements in a single serving. [5]

Cardiovascular Health

Chunks of bison meat with a roast fork on a wooden tray

Bison comes second to beef in terms of red meat consumption. Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Omega-3 fatty acids can help to lower cholesterol and reduce your risk of atherosclerosis, heart attack, stroke, and coronary heart diseases. [6]

Lean Protein

As a great source of lean protein, bison meat can help stimulate growth and development.

Bison Meat vs Beef

There are a few key differences between bison and beef, let us discuss them. [7]

  • Nutrients: Bison has much less of saturated fats than beef and has much higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids – 6 times higher than beef, in fact.
  • Flavor: The flavor is also slightly milder and the meat tends to be leaner, making it more tender and pleasant to eat.
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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, publisher and photographer with English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana (USA). He co-founded the literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and now serves as the Content Director for Stain’d Arts, a non-profit based in Denver, Colorado. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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