Bronchitis: Symptoms & Causes

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

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Most people who suffer from acute bronchitis recover after a few weeks. However, it usually does not require medical treatment or antibiotics.

What is Bronchitis?

Acute bronchitis is caused due to infection by viruses or bacteria and lasts for several days to a few weeks. It is characterized by a persistent cough that produces sputum and mucus and is recorded for a period of a minimum of three months in two consecutive years. The infection is generally caused by the same virus that causes the common cold. Other lung irritants such as tobacco smoke, dust, and fumes can worsen the condition.

Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, is generally a part of a syndrome called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The major cause of this is cigarette smoking. It can also be caused by inhaling toxic fumes and dust. When viruses or bacteria infect the already inflamed airways, the condition can worsen. This is a serious medical condition and needs to be treated accordingly.

Symptoms of Bronchitis

The general symptoms of bronchitis include the following:

  • A sore throat, runny nose, or sinus infection
  • Pain in the breastbone
  • Breathlessness
  • Fever and chills
  • A headache and sore muscles
  • A cough with yellowish or greenish phlegm

It can affect both adults and children and can be countered by the use of certain easy-to-find ingredients at home. These home remedies go a long way towards subduing the associated discomfort of this health condition and counters the inflammation, thus providing relief from a nagging cough.

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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, and publisher who earned his English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign, Urbana (USA). He is the co-founder of a literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and calls the most beautiful places in the world his office. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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