Causes And Symptoms of Amnesia

by Meenakshi Nagdeve last updated -

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Amnesia, in general terms, refers to memory loss. The loss can either be temporary or permanent, although it usually is temporary.


According to Harold Sackeim of Columbia University, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can also cause permanent amnesia. The different parts of the brain, which are related to these functions, are the hippocampus, limbic system, and the medial temporal lobe. According to the University College London, people with amnesia caused by damage to the hippocampus are impeded in their ability to imagine future scenarios in detail.

In addition to these, there are a number of other causes which lead to amnesia. These include the following:

  • Physical trauma caused by accidents
  • Brain damage caused due to the intake of sedative drugs
  • Infections
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Vascular insufficiency



Some of the prominent symptoms of amnesia are as follows:

  • Disorientation and confusion
  • Difficulty in remembering things
  • Problems in understanding and learning new information
  • Difficulty in acclimatizing to social settings


The diagnosis pertaining to amnesia includes the following:

  • Physical examination
  • Checking the general health of the patient
  • Investigation of any past trauma
  • MRI and brain scans to check for brain damage Protection Status
About the Author

Meenakshi Nagdeve, Co-Founder, Organic Facts is a health and wellness enthusiast and is responsible for managing it. She has completed the Nutrition And Healthy Living Cornell Certificate Program, Cornell University, US. She holds a Post Graduate Diploma in Management from IIM Bangalore and B. Tech in Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science from IIT Bombay. Prior to this, she worked for a few years in IT and Financial services. An ardent follower of naturopathy, she believes in healing with foods. In her free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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