Amnesia, in general terms, refers to loss. The loss can either be temporary or permanent, although it usually is temporary.
According to Harold Sackeim of Columbia University, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can also cause permanent . The different parts of the , which are related to these functions, are the hippocampus, system, and the medial temporal lobe. According to the University College London, people with amnesia caused by damage to the hippocampus are impeded in their ability to imagine future scenarios in detail.
In addition to these, there are a number of other causes which lead to amnesia. These include the following:
- Physical caused by accidents
- Brain damage caused due to the intake of sedative drugs
- and drug abuse
Some of the prominent symptoms of amnesia are as follows:
- Disorientation and confusion
- Difficulty in remembering things
- Problems in understanding and learning new information
- Difficulty in acclimatizing to social settings
The diagnosis pertaining to amnesia includes the following:
- Physical examination
- Checking the general health of the patient
- Investigation of any past trauma
- MRI and brain scans to check for brain damage