Diabetes: Types & Symptoms

by Vanya Sharma last updated -

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A survey by the American Diabetes Association recently revealed that roughly 7.8% of Americans suffer from diabetes. This figure includes both children and adults. Now, since this estimation is solely for the United States, it is not hard to believe that diabetes is one of the most common diseases affecting people all over the world.

Types of Diabetes

There are three types of diabetes – Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes.

  • Type 1 Diabetes: When the human body stops the secretion of insulin, it is called Type 1 diabetes. This particular type of diabetes is also called “insulin-dependent diabetes”.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: In this, the body becomes unable to utilize the insulin which has already been secreted by the pancreas.
  • Gestational Diabetes: This is a rare type of diabetes which is generally observed in pregnant women. It shows up during the later part of the pregnancy and cures nearly automatically after the delivery. However, gestational diabetes can sometimes be a hint that a person might develop Type 2 diabetes later in life.

type 1 diabetes

Causes of Diabetes

Heredity, obesity, and stress are a few of the common reasons for diabetes. Mayoclinic says that low metabolism of food is another cause of diabetes.

Symptoms of Diabetes

While it’s easier to identify the symptoms of type 1 diabetes, it’s fairly difficult to identify type 2 diabetes symptoms.  Let us discuss the symptoms of diabetes below:

  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Dry throat and mouth
  • Thirsty, more than usual
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Itching of the genitals
  • Constant food cravings
  • Skin irritation
  • Numbness in feet or legs
  • An occurrence of yeast infections
  • Stomach sickness and vomiting

If you experience any or all of these symptoms, then it is important that you get yourself diagnosed by a medical professional for diabetes.

Although all forms of diabetes are treatable since insulin is available as a supplemental treatment to keep levels properly in check, it is still a chronic condition without any cure. That being said, there are a number of ways to treat the symptoms of diabetes and to reduce the dangerous plunges and peaks of blood sugar that can cause major health concerns for diabetics.

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About the Author

Vanya is a passionate writer with interest in the field of health, nutrition, culture, and lifestyle. She wants to spread awareness about mental health and how to tackle it. Apart from work, she spends her time reading books, watching movies, listening to music, and sometimes just collecting her thoughts. One may often find her interacting with nature and its various aspects.

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