Dry Hair: Causes & Symptoms

by Meenakshi Nagdeve last updated -

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Dry hair is one of the general problems faced by millions of people in the world. There can be several reasons for this dryness of the hair.

What is Dry Hair?

Dry hair occurs when the hair lacks the oil (sebum) that is naturally produced by the sebaceous glands of the scalp. Without sufficient sebum, the hair follicles become dry and are more vulnerable to damage. Usually, people with dry skin also have dryness of hair as the skin of their scalp is also dry. Hair can also become dry due to certain practices like those explained below.


There can be several reasons that contribute to dry hair including:

  • Over-shampooing the hair
  • Swimming in pools with excessively chlorinated water
  • Excessive use of styling products like gels, hair sprays, and colors
  • Perming, blow drying or straightening the hair

A young woman holding her dry hair

  • Dandruff
  • Genetics and hormones
  • Certain medications and medical treatments
  • Bath water with a high amount of minerals
  • Exposing your hair to sun, wind, and extreme temperatures
  • Malnutrition


Hair can become dry due to many reasons or even a combination of them. Here are some signs to look for to diagnose that you have dry hair:

  • Snaps easily, no flexibility
  • Split ends
  • Rough texture
  • Dull, lusterless strands
  • Breakage
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About the Author

Meenakshi Nagdeve, Co-Founder, Organic Facts is a health and wellness enthusiast and is responsible for managing it. She has completed the Nutrition And Healthy Living Cornell Certificate Program, Cornell University, US. She holds a Post Graduate Diploma in Management from IIM Bangalore and B. Tech in Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science from IIT Bombay. Prior to this, she worked for a few years in IT and Financial services. An ardent follower of naturopathy, she believes in healing with foods. In her free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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