A perennial herbaceous plant lying on the ground with lobular leaves covered with white bristles, yellow to bleached flowers, has large green fruits striped with a light green color and at maturity it turns yellow.
Bitter melon is scientifically known as Citrullus colocynthus and the part used is the fruit.
The bitter melon fruit contains a pulp, which is the active substance. This pulp contains resinous materials, the most important of which are elaterin (A) and elatiricin (B). It also contains alkaloids, pectin and soapy materials. The bitter melon is used as a strong laxative, but for hemorrhoids the use varies where the fruit is taken before ripening, which is what It is still green, then it is divided into four parts. Each piece is used to apply hemorrhoids. These recipes are tried and tested.