Hernia: Types, Causes & Symptoms

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When people strain to lift something and pull a muscle or feel a tweak in their body, they may often claim to have a hernia, but the real thing is quite serious and should be considered as such.

What is a Hernia?

According to MedlinePlus, a hernia occurs when a part of the adipose tissue or an organ breaches the wall of the cavity where it is located in the body. This most commonly happens in the abdomen, but can also occur in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin region. They can affect children, men, and women.

Types of Hernia

There are different types of hernia that include:

Note: Femoral hernias can be particularly dangerous in women, and commonly require a surgery to fix.


According to MedlinePlus, a hernia can be caused by many things like:

  • An excessive bout of coughing or sneezing
  • Overstraining during weight lifting
  • Poor posture and overexertion
  • Sharp impacts to the abdomen
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Poor nutrition
  • Prostate enlargement
  • Ascites
  • chronic constipation

Hernias are also partially genetic, so if your family has the predisposition, be particularly aware of these common causes. There are also other contributing factors that can make it easier to develop this condition, including:


The symptoms of a hernia can range from mild inflammation to extreme pain and fatal complications; in fact, more than 30,000 people die each year from hernias that were improperly treated or ignored. When blood flow is strangled to particular parts of the body or organ in some cases, it can cause internal bleeding and organ malfunction.

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