6 Best Benefits of Jamun

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

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Jamun is one of the less known tropical fruits, but due to its high nutrient content and unique health benefits, it is a fruit that more people should be seeking out to boost their overall health.

What is Jamun?

Jamun is an evergreen fruiting tree bearing the scientific name Syzygium cumini. It is more commonly known as a black plum, but may also be called jambul, java plum or jamblang, depending on where you are in the world. This tree is native to the Indian subcontinent but has spread to other Asian nations and islands, in addition to being naturalized in the United States and some parts of South America. This tree is primarily cultivated for its fruit, which bears the same name and looks similar to a small plum or a large berry. The color changes from light green to pink to dark purple when it is fully mature.

The jamun fruit has a sweet and sour flavor and is known to be quite astringent, although this taste can vary depending on when you pick the fruit from. While it has been a part of cultural, religious, and culinary traditions in certain parts of the world for centuries, it is only recently becoming popular in the rest of the world.

Black Plum Nutrition Facts

Black plums contain a significant amount of vitamin Ciron, magnesium, B-family vitamins, and dietary fiber, as well as potassium, vitamin A and small amounts of protein. There is a moderate amount of calories, roughly 75 per cup, but there is a minimal amount of fat and no cholesterol to speak of.

A basket of small black plums against the white background

Nutrition Facts

Java-plum, (jambolan), raw
Serving Size :
Water [g]83.13
Energy [kcal]60
Protein [g]0.72
Total lipid (fat) [g]0.23
Carbohydrate, by difference [g]15.56
Calcium, Ca [mg]19
Iron, Fe [mg]0.19
Magnesium, Mg [mg]15
Phosphorus, P [mg]17
Potassium, K [mg]79
Sodium, Na [mg]14
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid [mg]14.3
Thiamin [mg]0.01
Riboflavin [mg]0.01
Niacin [mg]0.26
Vitamin B-6 [mg]0.04
Vitamin B-12 [µg]0
Vitamin A, RAE [µg]0
Vitamin A, IU [IU]3
Fatty acids, total trans [g]0
Cholesterol [mg]0
Sources include : USDA

Black Plum Health Benefits

Jamun is a black plum that aids in skin care and weight loss, relieves stomach pain, and boosts immunity. It can be used in salads, desserts, juices, and smoothies.

Skin Care

The Food Chemistry journal suggests that antioxidant-rich foods help treat many skin diseases. With plenty of vitamin A, vitamin E, and other antioxidants, jamun can improve the appearance of the skin by reducing oxidative stress and lowering inflammation levels.

Protects Heart

Regular consumption of jamun fruit or juice will help with high blood pressure, as the fruit contains notable levels of potassium, which is a vasodilator and reduces your risk of atherosclerosis and heart attacks.

Boosts Immune System

There is a good amount of vitamin C and other antioxidants in this fruit, which can help to stimulate the production of white blood cells and increase the strength of the immune system. Also, according to the Food Research International journal, black plums have antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-viral properties that help keep you protected from many diseases.

Improves Circulation

The antioxidant enzymes in jamun extracts are critical for the production of hemoglobin, which the body needs to maintain healthy circulation and the delivery of oxygen and nutrients.

Weight Loss

Being low in calories, jamun is a cherished addition to all weight loss diets. Plus it is also a source of dietary fiber so it helps to optimize digestion as well!

Prevents Cancer

Black plum has been known to have abundant antioxidants that inhibit the free radical activity in the body. This is confirmed by a study conducted in 2005. Another research published in 2011 has also confirmed that black plums have anticancer and chemopreventive properties. So it is not only good at preventing cancer but is also an aid when it comes to treating cancer!

Manages Diabetes

Jamun has long been used to treat diabetes in Ayurvedic medicine. Research conducted in 2013 validates the anti-diabetic effects of this fruit and also suggests that the kernel of the fruit has the most potential as it helps lower blood glucose levels.

Jamun Uses

Medicinally, jamun is used in a number of ways, as a juice, in its raw fruit form, and in the form of an extract (from the bark, leaves, and seeds). The leaves are also used in salads, and as a poultice, while the juice and raw fruits are used in a number of culinary applications, namely desserts and in fruit juices/smoothies.

Side Effects of Jamun

The main side effects of jamun include negative effects on people who have blood clots, hypoglycemia, respiratory problems, and fever. This fruit is known to lower blood sugar, which is dangerous for people taking diabetes medicines and it is a clotting agent, so it can be very bad for people with atherosclerosis or a history of blood clots. It can also cause coughing, fever, body aches, and congestion when consumed in large quantities.

So make sure to eat black plums in moderation and see a doctor if anything feels inappropriate.

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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, and publisher who earned his English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign, Urbana (USA). He is the co-founder of a literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and calls the most beautiful places in the world his office. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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