Pisco – Types & Benefits

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

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Pisco may be a new type of alcohol if you’ve never been to South America, but it can also be found and enjoyed in other parts of the world.

What is Pisco?

Pisco is the national drink of Peru and Chile and is made by distilling wine into a clear liquor. It is commonly known as the liquor in a Pisco Sour, a popular cocktail made with egg whites. This alcohol is naturally gluten-free, and styles can range from 38-48% alcohol by volume (ABV).

This alcohol is in the same family as brandy, which is also made by distilling wine.


Peru and Chile both claim the name Pisco but maintain differing standards for its production. There are many different types of Pisco, including Puro, Mosto Verde, and Acholado. Let us discuss them in detail below.

Puro (pure)

Made from a single origin of grape, which can be either aromatico (being enjoyed by the nose) or non-aromatico (being enjoyed by the tongue)

Mosto Verde

The fermentation process is abbreviated for this variety, leaving more sugars. After distillation, it is smooth and easily drinkable.


Made with more than one grape variety. Styles and recipes vary widely by producer according to history and flavor preference.

Chile allows much looser guidelines for production, resulting in more affordable varieties. While Peruvian Pisco must be distilled to proof, in Chile, they may add water after distillation. With fewer regulations, a taste test may be required to determine a single bottle’s quality!


Doctors agree that having 1-2 alcoholic drinks per day can improve your health in various ways.

  • Antioxidants promote overall health
  • Alcohol acts as a diuretic
  • Reduces risk of cardiovascular disease
  • Pisco or brandy may help skin health when used to make topical treatments

How to Drink?

Known for its versatility, this liquor can be included in your daily diet in various forms. Macerate fruit with the liquor, use it in a marinade for chicken or beef, or simply enjoy a classic cocktail with this South American classic!

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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, and publisher who earned his English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign, Urbana (USA). He is the co-founder of a literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and calls the most beautiful places in the world his office. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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