Respiratory Problems: Causes & Symptoms

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Respiratory problems are a major cause of concern as more people, especially in urban areas, are being diagnosed with lung disease and other respiratory tract issues.

What are Respiratory Problems?

Respiratory problems actually cover a wide range of ailments and disorders affecting the lungs and respiratory system. There are two broad categories within this are:

Upper respiratory problems: These problems include things as simple as the common cold, or any other affliction of the nose, sinuses, mouth, and throat. These are usually easier to treat than lower respiratory issues.

Lower respiratory problems: A lower respiratory infection affects the bronchial tubes and lungs. The symptoms of lower respiratory issues include fever, shortness of breath, and coughing.

Respiratory Problems


If you are experiencing breathing difficulties, try to relax, and consider the common causes of respiratory problems:

  • Having a parent with respiratory problems
  • Sensitization to irritants and allergens
  • Respiratory infections in childhood
  • Smoking
  • Air pollution
  • Occupational dust and chemicals (vapors, irritants, and fumes)
  • Excessive weight and lack of fitness


Most people suffer from one or two respiratory infections each year, which are typically non-serious, but irritating and disruptive of normal life. Some common symptoms and problems of the respiratory system include:

  • Laryngeal inflammation
  • Coughing
  • A sore throat
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Chest pain
  • Poor appetite
  • Fever
  • Wheezing
  • Sinus pressure
  • A runny nose
  • Earaches
  • Cold and flu symptoms
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