15 Best Root Vegetables

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

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Root vegetables are found in cuisines all over the world, and while they do share some basic characteristics, each one has a unique nutrient profile.

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables are known to be dense sources of minerals and nutrients, as well as dietary fiber and starchy carbohydrates. They represent an important staple food in many parts of the world, and also contain some unique antioxidants with impressive health benefits. By increasing energy levels, boosting vitamin intake and reducing your risk of cancer, these have become known as some of the most important vegetables to include in your diet.

List of Best Root Vegetables

The best root vegetables to consume in order to improve overall health include carrot, celery, rutabaga, butternut squash, and taro root, among others.


This vegetable possesses good amounts of magnesium, potassium, copper, folate, dietary fiber, and riboflavin, among others. It can help to improve the metabolism, lower blood pressure, and build strong bones when eaten regularly.


Cruciferous vegetables with a high level of phytonutrients, primarily indoles, these basic vegetables are linked to lowering the blood pressure, strengthening the bones, lowering cholesterol levels, and lowering your risk of cardiovascular disease.

Taro Root

This important starchy vegetable is packed with minerals, such as iron, magnesium, potassium, zinc, and copper, as well as a range of vitamins and antioxidants. It is known to be great as an energy booster, as well as reducing inflammation and improving immune system strength.


Being very low in saturated fat and cholesterol, but rich in B vitamins and minerals, this less common root vegetable can be prepared in a variety of ways to boost your metabolism and protect cardiovascular health.

Butternut Squash

There is a good amount of beta-carotene found in butternut squash, and it is also known as a great immune booster. With high levels of fiber, this vegetable will also help to cut down on cholesterol levels and optimize digestive processes.

Sweet Potatoes

Vitamin A, potassium, and vitamin C are found in high concentrations in these root vegetables, along with high levels of antioxidants, making this an ideal food for those with heart problems or a high cancer risk.


High in lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin, among other important minerals, carrots can help to boost vision health and skin quality, as well as digestive issues.

Winter Squash

The great antioxidants present in this root vegetable has the power to boost eye health by preventing cataract and improving the health of the cornea and retina.


While the vast majority of celery is composed of water, the remaining contents are high in vitamin K, as well as various B vitamins, vitamin A, and vitamin C. The fiber content is also known to settle the stomach and promote healthy digestion.


Boasting notable levels of iron, copper, potassium, and protein, this vegetable is easy to prepare and has a satisfying crunch. It also helps to stimulate circulation and lower blood pressure when regularly added to your diet.


With thousands of years of history and an impressive level of phytonutrients, beets are known to help regulate hormones, control blood sugar, and lower inflammation. The nitrates found in these vegetables are also popular with endurance athletes for their energetic boost.


Being extremely high in vitamin C and dietary fiber, these vegetables are closely linked to the immune system and digestion. However, the zinc found in the vegetable can also help with cognition, mood, and stress levels.


There is calcium, potassium, magnesium, and various unique antioxidants found in daikon, making “Chinese radish” an excellent choice for boosting overall health. More specifically, it can detoxify the body and boost bone mineral density as you age.


While each variety has different nutrients, you can usually expect a very high level of vitamin C, vitamin E, potassium, and folate. Chicory is known to reduce inflammation and provide a sense of calmness, as it can help to balance hormone levels.


This exotic cabbage cultivar is a great source of dietary fiber, B vitamin, vitamin C, potassium, and copper, and can aid in digestion.

About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, and publisher who earned his English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign, Urbana (USA). He is the co-founder of a literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and calls the most beautiful places in the world his office. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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