Top 8 Types Of Stout Beer

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

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The word ‘stout’ has been used since the late 1600s to refer to strong, hearty beers. However, this traditionally dark beer has its origins in England but has fast gained popularity among dark beer lovers worldwide.

What is Stout?

Traditionally, what sets a stout apart from other beer varieties is its strong roasted flavor, which comes from roasted barley. Within this rich category of beer, individual styles can range from hoppy to dry, with ABVs varying just as wildly.

Types of Stout

There are eight standard types of stout.

  • Milk stout has a sweeter profile, with more unfermented milk sugars.
  • Irish stouts, made popular by Guinness, are dry beers, with a low ABV.
  • Porter was originally a dark beer created in London that was a blend of medium, pale, and dark ales.
  • Oatmeal variety is actually brewed with oatmeal, giving it a full body and slightly sweeter taste.
  • Chocolate versions of this beer are named for the color of its roasted malt, but brewers do occasionally add actual chocolate to the brewing.
  • Oyster stouts were originally brewed using an oyster concentrate, but now brewers just add a handful of oysters to the barrel to impart that unique flavor.
  • Imperial stouts, originally crafted for the court of a Russian Tsarina, are traditionally very dark, with a high ABV.
  • Baltic Porter is a regional version of Imperial stouts and is very popular in Eastern Europe.
A glass of stout beer on a table

Stout is one of the popular beer styles today. Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Nutrition Facts & ABV

Stout beers have an average of 223 calories per can, with 17 grams of carbohydrates, 7 grams of protein, and 0 grams of fat. They are good sources of iron, niacin, and vitamin B6. The alcohol content in stouts can range from 4 to 10% ABV.

Potential Benefits of Stout

While all alcohol should be consumed in moderation, these thick and rich beers can provide surprising benefits.

  • Stouts that range in the 4-5% ABV category typically have fewer calories than lighter beers.
  • The flavonoids in dark beer can help reduce blood clotting.
  • Dark beers contain nearly twice the amount of antioxidants of light beers, due to the unique roasting process.

Stout vs Porter 

  • While it is controversial in the craft beer world, most experts agree that historically, porters and stouts are the same thing, but don’t tell that to a beer connoisseur!
  • “Stout” originally referred to any strong beer.
  • When porters became popular in 19th century England, brewers used the term “stouts” to denote the different strengths of their porters.

Side Effects

As with all alcoholic beverages, overconsumption of this delicious beer variety can lead to the following:

The daily recommended intake of alcohol is one drink for women and two for men and a standard serving of beer is 12 fluid ounces (1 bottle or a can) with 5%ABV.

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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, publisher and photographer with English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana (USA). He co-founded the literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and now serves as the Content Director for Stain’d Arts, a non-profit based in Denver, Colorado. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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