Bladder Infection: Symptoms & Causes

by Vanya Sharma last updated -

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Bladder infection, also known as interstitial cystitis, is a clinical condition in which a patient feels the urge to urinate frequently. The volume of urine is small when you urinate and is accompanied by other symptoms that are easily noticeable. Pain is felt while urinating and having intercourse.

It may occur because of several physiological and disease conditions. An adult bladder can typically store around a glass of urine. Normally, urine is free from any kind of pathogens. According to National Kidney and Neurological Disease Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC), NIH, if the pathogen moves via the vagina to the bladder and multiplies, then it is referred to as a bladder infection. It occurs frequently, and pelvic pain may or may not accompany the condition.

Causes of Bladder Infection

A bladder infection may occur due to various reasons that include:

  • Autoimmune disease
  • A deficiency of glycan that lines the bladder
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Radiation therapy
  • Prolonged use of catheters, or spasms of the pelvic region

Many disease conditions can also lead to bladder infections. Some of these are endometriosis, tuberculosis, pelvic inflammatory disorders, asthma, migraines, and arthritis.


Symptoms of Bladder Infection

There are specific symptoms from which one can conclude that they are suffering from interstitial cystitis. Some of these are listed below.

  • The frequency of urination increases at the rate of more than 60 times per day
  • Urination is accompanied by pain
  • Pain is also felt during sexual intercourse
  • Depression and anxiety among females
  • Excessive weakness and fatigue
  • Sensation to urinate urgently, which is accompanied by spasms or pressure
  • Small volumes of urine are passed each time
  • Hematuria, which is traces of blood found in the urine
  • Slight fever Protection Status
About the Author

Vanya is a passionate writer with interest in the field of health, nutrition, culture, and lifestyle. She wants to spread awareness about mental health and how to tackle it. Apart from work, she spends her time reading books, watching movies, listening to music, and sometimes just collecting her thoughts. One may often find her interacting with nature and its various aspects.

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