Most ticks feed on the blood of their animal host, but this also means that they can become infected by illnesses of their host. If these ticks then come in contact with humans and feed on their blood, certain infections can be passed along.
During the spring and summer months, in heavily wooded or previously uninhabited areas, tick-borne diseases are becoming a serious problem. Thousands of cases of these conditions are being reported every year, and the numbers are growing as people continue expanding into and settling areas where ticks are found in high concentrations.
Heavily wooded areas, high levels of the bush, or dry, leafy conditions are all perfect for ticks to thrive, and it is at this point that the transfer to humans usually occurs. Therefore, while ticks primarily affect workers in these areas, travelers, hikers, campers and other outdoor activity enthusiasts should also be aware of precautions that should be taken to prevent tick-borne diseases.
Again, ticks are most active between April and September, so extra caution should be taken at these times of the year.
The most common tick-borne diseases include the following: