2019 Nobel Prize In Medicine/Physiology Announced

by Prachee last updated -

 Likes  Comments

Kicking off the Nobel Prize announcements for this year, The Nobel Foundation has announced the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The recipients of the awards this year are the trio of scientists William G. Kaelin, Jr., Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, and Gregg L. Semenza. It is in recognition of their discovery of the ability of cells to sense and adapt to the availability of oxygen.

Oxygen is used by the body to convert food into useful energy. The research by the Nobel Prize winners this year identifies the molecular machinery regulating the activity of genes in response to the levels of oxygen available. These discoveries reveal the effect of oxygen levels on cellular metabolism and physiological functions.

A pink jar of O2 held at the base by an extended hand on a blue background of cell

Nobel prize awarded in 1931 and 1938 also recognized the work which revealed mechanisms surrounding the use of oxygen by the body. The 1931 discovery by Otto Warburg discovered that the conversion of food into energy facilitated through the use of oxygen by the mitochondria was an enzymatic process. The 1938 award to Corneille Heymans was for the discoveries showing how blood oxygen sensing via the carotid body controls our respiratory rate by communicating directly with the brain.

These  2019 Nobel Prize winner discoveries by Kaelin, Ratcliffe, and Semenza mark an important step forth and could also help with combatting conditions such as anemia, cancer, and several other diseases.

DMCA.com Protection Status
About the Author

Prachee is a content writer for Organic Facts and is responsible for writing on the latest wellness trends. A former Journalism & Media teacher, she prides herself on being able to seamlessly dabble between health, science, and technology. She has completed her Masters in Communication Studies from the University of Pune, India as well as an online course on “Introduction to Food and Health” from Stanford University, US. Prachee fancies herself to be a poet and a cook when the rare lightning of inspiration strikes.

Rate this article
Average rating 0.0 out of 5.0 based on 0 user(s).

Latest Health News:

a woman in a white tshirt holding both her hands at her heart

Bulimia Nervosa Associated With Cardiovascular Risk

While bulimia nervosa might be a life-threatening condition by itself, it could be a signal of further health complications in life as well. Women with bulimia…

A middle-aged couple walking in the park

Sex-Specific Memory Tests Can Improve aMCI Diagnosis

Should the sex of a person be considered when testing for dementia? A recent study published in the journal Neurology suggests that ignoring the sex of the…


Maternal Gastric Bypass Can Help Reduce Birth Defects

The weight of a woman during pregnancy is closely linked to the health of the fetus. but having a gastric bypass surgery could prove helpful for the child,…