2019 Nobel Prize In Medicine/Physiology Announced

by Prachee published on -

 Likes  Comments

Kicking off the Nobel Prize announcements for this year, The Nobel Foundation has announced the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The recipients of the awards this year are the trio of scientists William G. Kaelin, Jr., Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, and Gregg L. Semenza. It is in recognition of their discovery of the ability of cells to sense and adapt to the availability of oxygen.

Oxygen is used by the body to convert food into useful energy. The research by the Nobel Prize winners this year identifies the molecular machinery regulating the activity of genes in response to the levels of oxygen available. These discoveries reveal the effect of oxygen levels on cellular metabolism and physiological functions.

A pink jar of O2 held at the base by an extended hand on a blue background of cell

Nobel prize awarded in 1931 and 1938 also recognized the work which revealed mechanisms surrounding the use of oxygen by the body. The 1931 discovery by Otto Warburg discovered that the conversion of food into energy facilitated through the use of oxygen by the mitochondria was an enzymatic process. The 1938 award to Corneille Heymans was for the discoveries showing how blood oxygen sensing via the carotid body controls our respiratory rate by communicating directly with the brain.

These  2019 Nobel Prize winner discoveries by Kaelin, Ratcliffe, and Semenza mark an important step forth and could also help with combatting conditions such as anemia, cancer, and several other diseases.

DMCA.com Protection Status
Last updated -
References
About the Author

Prachee is a content writer for Organic Facts and is responsible for writing on the latest wellness trends. A former Journalism & Media teacher, she prides herself on being able to seamlessly dabble between health, science, and technology. She has completed her Masters in Communication Studies from the University of Pune, India as well as an online course on “Introduction to Food and Health” from Stanford University, US. Prachee fancies herself to be a poet and a cook when the rare lightning of inspiration strikes.

Rate this article
Average rating 0.0 out of 5.0 based on 0 user(s).

Latest Health News:

Depressed woman overlooking the lake

Climate Change Real For Americans, But Specifics Unclear

Most Americans accept that climate change is real, and a crisis, despite what some of their leaders have to say about it. However, they might not necessarily…

READ MORE
Back view of teenage students walking in school hall

Emotional Intelligence Linked to Better Academic Performance

Emotional intelligence is as important as academics when it comes to a student's performance at school. Recent research published in the journal American…

READ MORE
Man enjoying chips while watching television

Physical Activity Labeling Leads To Healthy Food Choices: Study

The current practice of nutrients and calorie content in food labeling has not shown any significant effect in terms of consumers making healthy choices. Turns…

READ MORE