2019 Nobel Prize In Medicine/Physiology Announced

by Prachee published on -

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Kicking off the Nobel Prize announcements for this year, The Nobel Foundation has announced the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The recipients of the awards this year are the trio of scientists William G. Kaelin, Jr., Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, and Gregg L. Semenza. It is in recognition of their discovery of the ability of cells to sense and adapt to the availability of oxygen.

Oxygen is used by the body to convert food into useful energy. The research by the Nobel Prize winners this year identifies the molecular machinery regulating the activity of genes in response to the levels of oxygen available. These discoveries reveal the effect of oxygen levels on cellular metabolism and physiological functions.

A pink jar of O2 held at the base by an extended hand on a blue background of cell

Nobel prize awarded in 1931 and 1938 also recognized the work which revealed mechanisms surrounding the use of oxygen by the body. The 1931 discovery by Otto Warburg discovered that the conversion of food into energy facilitated through the use of oxygen by the mitochondria was an enzymatic process. The 1938 award to Corneille Heymans was for the discoveries showing how blood oxygen sensing via the carotid body controls our respiratory rate by communicating directly with the brain.

These  2019 Nobel Prize winner discoveries by Kaelin, Ratcliffe, and Semenza mark an important step forth and could also help with combatting conditions such as anemia, cancer, and several other diseases.

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Prachee is a content writer for Organic Facts and is responsible for writing on the latest wellness trends. A former Journalism & Media teacher, she prides herself on being able to seamlessly dabble between health, science, and technology. She has completed her Masters in Communication Studies from the University of Pune, India as well as an online course on “Introduction to Food and Health” from Stanford University, US. Prachee fancies herself to be a poet and a cook when the rare lightning of inspiration strikes.

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