Choline Deficiency: Symptoms & Risk Factors

by Ishani Bose last updated -

 Likes  Comments

Choline is a water-soluble vitamin that is typically grouped in the B-complex of vitamins. Choline is produced by humans in the liver, so most people are able to maintain proper levels of this essential vitamin on a daily basis when combined with foods that contain choline. Choline is a very important vitamin, as it can affect brain development, metabolic levels, and energy production in the body, among others. That being said, choline deficiency does exist in many people, which can cause complications in the liver, as well as cardiovascular and neurological issues.

Symptoms of Choline Deficiency

If you are struggling to maintain your choline levels, you may experience a few basic symptoms that include:

  • A lack of energy
  • Difficulty concentrating or focusing
  • Sluggishness when it comes to your cognitive processes

Acetylcholine is a critical compound in the body that relates to many of these functions, and it cannot be produced without choline.

More severe symptoms if the deficiency is ongoing include:

In even more serious cases, you may begin to experience fatty liver disease or kidney disorders, as well as an increased risk of neurodegenerative disease as you age.

Risk Factors

  • You are at greater risk of a choline deficiency if you aren’t eating the right foods since your liver can’t always create as much as the body needs.
  • Vegetarians and vegans are at particularly high risk since they often avoid many of the richest protein sources where choline is found, including milk and eggs.
  • Long-distance runners and extreme athletes also face a higher risk of this deficiency, since they consume so much of the vitamin during their workouts.
  • Finally, people who consume large amounts of alcohol tend to have suppressed choline production and are more likely to experience a lack.
DMCA.com Protection Status
About the Author

An alumnus of St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai, Ishani Bose has worked as a reporter/features writer for several leading newspapers and organizations in India. It was her love for food, health, and wellness that brought her to Organic Facts. As a Content & Culinary Outreach Specialist, she is responsible for developing and managing the website’s recipe section. She is also passionate about mental health and enjoys writing about it for the website to educate more and more people about the same. An avid Instagrammer who knows the latest social media trends, Ishani helps strategize and create authentic content for the website’s social media platforms. When not writing or cooking, you’ll find her reading, traveling, soaking herself in music, arts, and culture in every way possible. Ishani has completed an online program on “Introduction to Food and Health” by Stanford University, US. Furthermore, she has completed an online course on “The Science of Wellbeing” by the Department of Psychology, Yale University.

Rate this article
Average rating 4.2 out of 5.0 based on 2 user(s).

Latest Health News:

A young man looking out of a window with a subdued expression

COVID-19 Has Increased Levels Of Anxiety & Stress In University Students

An online psychological test of university students in Italy during the COVID-19 outbreak revealed that all of them were in the clinical range for stress and…

READ MORE
A woman clinician injecting a young girl.

Increase Screening Of Asymptomatic People For COVID Control

With the coronavirus pandemic showing signs of slowing down, there is an increased need for precaution to ensure that it does not flare up again. New research,…

READ MORE
Group of wood figurines huddled together with one figure outside the group.

Pandemics, Epidemics Can Worsen Social Prejudices

A time of crisis can exacerbate our social prejudices, particularly bigotry and xenophobia. A study, published in the journal Proceedings of The Royal Society,…

READ MORE