Native to Asian countries like Indonesia, India, Pakistan, and even areas of East Africa, cloves are a spice that offers many health benefits. These benefits include aiding in digestion, boosting the immune system, and controlling diabetes. Cloves also contain anti-mutagenic and anti-microbial properties, along with fighting against oral diseases and headaches.
What are Cloves?
Cloves are a popular spice used in a variety of ways across the world, particularly in Asia. They form a culinary base in a number of different Asian cuisines.
Clove is the dried bud of the flower from the tree Syzygium aromaticum. It belongs to the plant family named Myrtaceae. It is an evergreen plant growing in tropical and subtropical conditions. Clove is an herb of which people use various parts of the plant, including the dried buds, stems, and leaves to make medicine. Clove oil is famous for its ancient medicinal properties.
Clove, just like many other spices originating in Asia, has a great history behind it. During the 13th and 14th centuries, they were transported all the way from Indonesia to China, India, Persia, Africa, and Europe. During this time, cloves had a very high price, and thus wars for monopoly over clove production and distribution began. Many wars were waged to control the islands of Maluku during both the medieval and modern periods. The Dutch emerged victoriously and held the Maluku islands for a very long time. Today, clove is a very important commercial crop all around the world.
Watch Video: 8 Interesting Benefits Of Cloves
Clove has been used for thousands of years in India and China not only as a spice but also as a medicine for many ailments.
- Ayurvedic medicine used cloves for tooth decay and halitosis (bad breath).
- In Chinese medicine, clove was considered to possess properties.
- Ground cloves are traditionally applied to minor cuts for healing purposes.
- Clove tea is a popular warm beverage to relieve congestion.
- Clove oil is thought to help relieve headaches, , as well as reduce stretch marks.
- It is also popularly used as a bug and insect repellant. Just add a few drops to water and see them vanish!
Serving Size : Nutrient Value Water [g] 9.87 Energy [kcal] 274 Energy [kJ] 1145 Protein [g] 5.97 Total lipid (fat) [g] 13 Ash [g] 5.63 Carbohydrate, by difference [g] 65.53 Fiber, total dietary [g] 33.9 Sugars, total including NLEA [g] 2.38 Sucrose [g] 0.02 Glucose (dextrose) [g] 1.14 Fructose [g] 1.07 Galactose [g] 0.15 Calcium, Ca [mg] 632 Iron, Fe [mg] 11.83 Magnesium, Mg [mg] 259 Phosphorus, P [mg] 104 Potassium, K [mg] 1020 Sodium, Na [mg] 277 Zinc, Zn [mg] 2.32 Copper, Cu [mg] 0.37 Manganese, Mn [mg] 60.13 Selenium, Se [µg] 7.2 Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid [mg] 0.2 Thiamin [mg] 0.16 Riboflavin [mg] 0.22 Niacin [mg] 1.56 Pantothenic acid [mg] 0.51 Vitamin B-6 [mg] 0.39 Folate, total [µg] 25 Folate, food [µg] 25 Folate, DFE [µg] 25 Choline, total [mg] 37.4 Betaine [mg] 1.4 Vitamin A, RAE [µg] 8 Carotene, beta [µg] 45 Cryptoxanthin, beta [µg] 103 Vitamin A, IU [IU] 160 Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) [mg] 8.82 Vitamin K (phylloquinone) [µg] 141.8 Fatty acids, total saturated [g] 3.95 6:0 [g] 0.01 8:0 [g] 0.03 10:0 [g] 0.13 12:0 [g] 0.04 14:0 [g] 0.26 15:0 [g] 0.02 16:0 [g] 1.86 17:0 [g] 0.04 18:0 [g] 0.68 20:0 [g] 0.19 22:0 [g] 0.18 24:0 [g] 0.49 Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g] 1.39 16:1 [g] 0.03 16:1 c [g] 0.03 18:1 [g] 0.99 18:1 c [g] 0.78 20:1 [g] 0.36 22:1 [g] 0.02 22:1 c [g] 0.02 Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g] 3.61 18:2 [g] 2.66 18:2 n-6 c,c [g] 2.56 18:2 CLAs [g] 0.06 18:3 [g] 0.59 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) [g] 0.59 20:2 n-6 c,c [g] 0.02 20:3 [g] 0.01 20:3 n-6 [g] 0.01 20:4 [g] 0.1 20:5 n-3 (EPA) [g] 0.01 22:4 [g] 0.06 22:5 n-3 (DPA) [g] 0.18 Fatty acids, total trans [g] 0.25 Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic [g] 0.21 18:1 t [g] 0.21 18:2 t not further defined [g] 0.04 Fatty acids, total trans-polyenoic [g] 0.04 Phytosterols [mg] 256 Tryptophan [g] 0.03 Threonine [g] 0.18 Isoleucine [g] 0.24 Leucine [g] 0.4 Lysine [g] 0.37 Methionine [g] 0.08 Cystine [g] 0.07 Phenylalanine [g] 0.23 Tyrosine [g] 0.19 Valine [g] 0.34 Arginine [g] 0.32 Histidine [g] 0.13 Alanine [g] 0.29 Aspartic acid [g] 0.6 Glutamic acid [g] 0.56 Glycine [g] 0.28 Proline [g] 0.39 Serine [g] 0.24 Sources include : USDA
Cloves Nutrition Facts
According to the USDA FoodData Central, the nutrients found in cloves include carbohydrates, protein, energy, and dietary fiber. Minerals in cloves include potassium, calcium, sodium, and magnesium. The vitamins found in them include vitamin E, folate, and niacin. They also contain phosphorus, iron, zinc, vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin, and vitamin A and K. Given the small number of this spice used in many dishes, while they contain many nutrients, one would likely not obtain them in large amounts.
Bioactive Substances in Cloves
According to a University of Texas at Austin research study, certain bioactive compounds isolated from clove extracts include flavonoids, hexane, methylene chloride, ethanol, thymol, eugenol, and benzene. These biochemicals have been reported to possess , hepatoprotective, anti-microbial, and anti- properties.
Health Benefits of Cloves
Packed with nutrients and bioactive compounds, it is no wonder that even a small amount of cloves have some interesting health benefits to offer. Let’s take a look at their health benefits.
Boost Gastrointestinal Health
Cloves are known to have been used in several traditional medicinal cultures as a way to help with stomach issues. According to the book ‘Herbs that Heal: Natural Remedies for Good Health’, cloves have been used to boost digestion and control irritation. Furthermore, fried cloves could also be used to stop vomiting, owing to their properties. It is also effective against ulcers and can be used as a purgative agent.
Cloves are touted by many for theirproperties against several human pathogens. The extracts of cloves were potent enough to kill those pathogens.
Cloves contain high amounts of antioxidants, which are ideal for protecting the organs from the effects of free radicals, especially the liver. Metabolism, in the long run, increases free radical production and lipid profile, while decreasing the antioxidants in the liver. Clove extracts are a helpful component in counteracting these effects with its hepatoprotective properties.
Extracts from cloves imitate insulin in certain ways and help in controlling blood sugar levels. One study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology found that cloves may have a beneficial effect on diabetes as part of a plant-based diet.
The hydro-alcoholic extracts of this spice include phenolic compounds, such as eugenol, and its derivatives, such as flavones, preserving bone density and the mineral content of bone, as well as increasing the tensile strength of bones in case of osteoporosis. More research is needed to confirm the efficacy of these findings., and flavonoids. Studies have suggested that these extracts may be helpful in
Ayurveda describes certain plants to be effective in developing and protecting the immune system. One such plant is clove. The dried flower bud of clove contains compounds that help in improving the immune system by increasing the white blood cell count, thereby, improving delayed-type .
The spice possesses anti-inflammatory and pain-killing properties. Studies on clove extracts administered to lab rats suggest that the presence of eugenol reduced the inflammation caused by edema. It was also confirmed that eugenol can reduce pain by stimulating pain receptors.
Cloves can be taken for a reduction in gum diseases such as gingivitis and . Clove bud extracts significantly control the growth of oral pathogens, which are responsible for various oral diseases, as per a study published in the Journal of Natural Products. They can also be used for toothaches due to their pain-killing properties.
Since ancient times, spices such as clove and nutmeg have been said to possess aphrodisiac properties, according to Unani medicine. Experiments on clove and nutmeg extracts were tested against standard drugs administered for that reason, and both clove and nutmeg showed positive results.
Where to Buy Cloves?
You can buy good quality whole cloves online or at your local supermarket. They are best stored in tiny spice glasses or steel containers in a cool, dry place where they can be kept for months. Fresh cloves are potent in flavor, so make sure you use it sparingly.
Side Effects of Cloves
The components present in cloves can prove harmful if used in excess or undiluted. Here are some of the derivatives of cloves that should be used responsibly.
- Clove Essential Oil: Clove essential oil must not be used directly. Instead, dilute it either in olive oil or in distilled water. Clove extract oil is generally considered to be safe, but a study revealed that they possess cytotoxic properties.
- Clove Cigarettes: In Indonesia, cloves are consumed on a large scale in the form of cigarettes, popularly known as kreteks. These clove cigarettes have emerged as an alternative to tobacco cigarettes, but research shows that clove cigarettes are worse health-wise than conventional cigarettes. In the case of clove cigarettes, the amount of nicotine, carbon monoxide, and tar entering into the lungs was higher than that from normal tobacco cigarettes.