Miniature mandarin orange may not look like an impressive fruit, but it packs a powerful punch.
What is Mandarin Orange?
Tiny mandarin orange is a sweet type of orange that grows no larger than 8 centimeters in size. It contains more sugar than most other citrus varieties, making it particularly popular for desserts and as a children’s snack. Mandarins are a traditional gift for the Chinese New Year and Christmas and can be found in a variety of recipes, from salads to fruitcakes. Mandarin orange is also used in both Chinese traditional and medicine.
There are many varieties of mandarin orange, including pure mandarins, non-pure mandarins, mandarin cross, Mangshanyegan, clementines, , and Satsuma among others. Let us take a look at them in detail below.
- Pure Mandarins: Pure mandarins are heirloom varieties like Tachibana and Nanfengmiju that have stayed close to the original Asian mandarin strains.
- Non-pure Mandarins: These are varieties that are slightly mixed with other citrus fruit, most commonly pomelo, but retain mostly mandarin distinctions. Satsumas, tangerines, and murcotts are all non-pure mandarins.
- Mandarin Cross: Mandarin crosses are hybridized varieties where the mandarin has been equally mixed with another citrus to produce commonly known fruits, such as Meyer lemons and grapefruit. are a mandarin cross with sweet oranges, for example.
- Mangshanyegan: This is a type of citrus fruit, native to China, that is classified as a non-mandarin. Despite the similarities, mangshanyegans are actually a completely separate species of citrus.
- Clementine: These are bred from mandarin strains. They are the smallest mandarin variety, very sweet, and seedless. Most clementines are imported from Europe.
- Tangerine: Tangerines and mandarins are often used interchangeably as names, but while all tangerines are mandarins, not all mandarins are tangerines. Tangerines have a tougher skin and taste more akin to a regular orange, with less sweetness and more of a citric bite.
- Satsuma: Satsuma is a type of fruit, originating in Japan, which is a mandarin-pomelo hybrid. Satsumas may be a bit larger than a pure mandarin but retain same loose skin. They are grown in Asia and the Southern United States.
One medium mandarin orange contains 47 calories, with 9 grams of sugar and 12 grams of carbs. It also has nearly 40% of the recommended daily dose of vitamin C and 11% of the daily recommended vitamin A.
Mandarin oranges are an excellent source of vitamin C, which helps promote collagen production in the body. They also contain synephrine, which is a dilator and is a rich source of fiber. The presence of and other also contribute to its amazing benefits. Let us look at the benefits of mandarin orange below.
- Boosts immunity
- Improves skin health
- Strengthens hair
- Fights off free radicals
- Prevents cell damage
- Lowers the risk of cancer
- Regulates cholesterol levels
- Fights allergies
- Gives relief from cold
- Aids in weight loss
- Supports digestive health
- Suppresses appetite
- Regulates insulin and prevents diabetes
Mandarin Orange vs Clementine vs Tangerine vs Orange
- Orange: An orange is a large citrus fruit, second in size to , with a tart, acidic flavor, and is most popular for juicing.
- Mandarin Orange: A mandarin orange is a category of oranges, smaller in size and very sweet, with loose skin. Clementines and tangerines are both types of mandarins.
- Clementines: Clementines are the smallest type of mandarin. They are very sweet, seedless, and the most commercially popular mandarin variety.
- Tangerines: Tangerines are a deep red type of mandarin and are named for the port of Tangiers where they were first imported. The fruit is bigger and slightly more tart than mandarin oranges.