What is Zinfandel

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

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There are plenty of great reasons to enjoy a refreshing glass of this affordable wine called zinfandel.

What is Zinfandel?

Zinfandel is the term for a varietal of black grape, as well as the wine produced by fermenting it. In Italy, the same grape is called Primitivo and produces an identical wine to that made in California.

It is traditionally a high-alcohol red wine. Winemakers in California invented white zinfandel in the early 20th century by removing the grape’s skins early in the fermentation process. In the US alone, ‘White Zin’ outsells red by a margin of 6 to 1, but the red varieties are more popular in other parts of the world.

Bunches of fresh and ripe blue zinfandel grapes hanging in the vineyard


The taste of this wine varies, let us take a look.

  • Zinfandel/Primitivo grapes are high in sugar, which is what converts to alcohol during fermentation, making this wine high in alcohol, while still tasting sweet.
  • Red Zin is bold and fruity, and you may detect flavors like ripe berries, jam, tobacco, and black pepper.
  • White Zin is also fruity, and typically sweet. Flavors of watermelon and berries make it a great summer drink!


Zinfandel/Primitivo grapes have dark red, almost black skin, which produces pink ‘White Zinfandel’ when the skins are removed early in fermentation, or ‘Red Zinfandel’ when the grape skins are left intact.


The red variety has about 130 calories, but the white version of this wine, however, has just 108 calories and 8.3 grams of carbohydrates!


Zinfandel/Primitivo contains antioxidants, including resveratrol, which has been linked to heart health. This wine contains saponins, which help lowers LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. A glass a day really can help to keep the doctor away!

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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, and publisher who earned his English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign, Urbana (USA). He is the co-founder of a literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and calls the most beautiful places in the world his office. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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