Glycemic index (GI) refers to the “incremental area under the food divided by the AUC after a similar amount of a control , generally from glucose or white ”. In other words: the food’s ability to raise blood sugar levels two hours after consumption of carbohydrate rich food. A low-glycemic index (<55) means that the in those are absorbed slowly, which can be helpful for the to better manage post- changes. Foods with a higher glycemic index (>70) raise the blood levels more quickly. After years of research, the glycemic index is now identified as a reliable classification of food items according to their glycemic effect after a meal. The glycemic index of food items that contain mostly and protein was not calculated, since this kind of food items do not have a lot of carbohydrates, and therefore, do not affect the blood sugar levels in the body.curve (AUC) after the consumption of 50 grams digestible from a test
Low-Glycemic Index and the Control of Diabetes
In diabetes type 1, the body does not produce cannot use it properly. In diabetes type 1 as well as in diabetes type 2, a carbohydrate rich diet could be harmful regarding glycemic control, which may play a role in the of and other macrovascular and microvascular (such as diabetic neuropathy). Moreover, a low-glycemic index diet can help prevent or manage diabetes type 2 in and people. Examples of low-GI carbohydrate containing foods are , , cereals, and most fruits. These types of food are also named functional foods because of their beneficial effects on the and well-being of individuals.or is unable to use it. with diabetes type 2 have a lack of insulin or
Low-Glycemic Index Fruits
Fruits are not only vitamins they contain, but also because of the low-glycemic index that they have. Furthermore, they can be easily incorporated into a healthy diet. Low glycemic index fruits for diabetes include pears, , peaches, , apricots, dates, apple, strawberries, & more. Let us take a look at 10 such low GI fruits below:because of the
vitamin C, they are a reliable source of fiber and potassium. There are different variations of pears. Pears in reduced-sugar syrup reach the GI-score, but also raw pears (GI: 33), dried pears (GI: 43) and pear halves canned in (GI: 43) are good to go.are not only delicious, but they come with a low Glycemic Index as well. Although low in
Prunes are dried plums, rich in dietary and vitamin K. Prunes provide several health benefits. Moreover, they belong to the list of fruits with the lowest Glycemic Index. But, to be on the safe side, do not eat too many of these; as they are dried and have more carbohydrates. Instead, fresh are a good alternative, with a GI of 39.
are an excellent choice for people with diabetes, both peaches canned in natural juice (GI: 30), as dried peaches (GI: 35). Although in small amounts, peaches contain lots of different .
This popularfruit is a great source of vitamin C and other . There are several variations, like the blood orange and navel orange. Also, Marmalade made of oranges without added has a low-GI of (27).
An average good choice.contains only 48 and is a moderate source of vitamins A and C. With a GI between 30 and 32, the dried ones are also a
This typical Middle Eastern exotic fruit is a good source of several essential nutrients, like magnesium and vitamin B6. The great variations in and the way they were packed causes the difference in Glycemic Index.,
have a low Glycemic Index and are a good source of dietary fiber. They only provide small amounts of essential nutrients but are easy to eat as a healthy snack.
manganese and other dietary fiber. The dried variant of strawberries has the same GI-score.boost your vitamin C and contain a large amount of
As a mutant of the peach, the nectarine is a good source of potassium and . 100 grams of only contains 36 calories.