6 Proven Benefits of Sticky Rice (Glutinous Rice)

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

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Sticky rice is a staple cereal grain in many Asian countries, but it has a surprisingly large number of health benefits and is increasingly being found in different regions around the world.

What is Sticky Rice?

More formally known as glutinous rice, sticky rice is a particular type of rice that is grown in certain Southeastern Asian countries. The rice grains themselves are uniquely opaque, and they take on a very sticky consistency when cooked. This makes the rice very popular as sushi rice and for other dishes that are traditionally eaten with chopsticks. Although the name glutinous rice makes many people think it contains gluten, this is not the case; the name stems from the glue-like consistency that this rice takes on when it is cooked.

Having been grown for more than 2,000 years in certain parts of Asia, namely China, this type of rice has a very low level of amylose, but a high level of amylopectin, the component that gives the rice its “sticky” texture. Widely used in different ways throughout Asia, it is considered a staple part of diets in Bangladesh, China, Burma, Indonesia, and the Philippines, among others.

Nutrition Facts

Rice, white, glutinous, unenriched, cooked
Serving Size :
NutrientValue
Water [g]76.63
Energy [kcal]97
Energy [kJ]406
Protein [g]2.02
Total lipid (fat) [g]0.19
Ash [g]0.07
Carbohydrate, by difference [g]21.09
Fiber, total dietary [g]1
Sugars, total including NLEA [g]0.05
Calcium, Ca [mg]2
Iron, Fe [mg]0.14
Magnesium, Mg [mg]5
Phosphorus, P [mg]8
Potassium, K [mg]10
Sodium, Na [mg]5
Zinc, Zn [mg]0.41
Copper, Cu [mg]0.05
Manganese, Mn [mg]0.26
Selenium, Se [µg]5.6
Thiamin [mg]0.02
Riboflavin [mg]0.01
Niacin [mg]0.29
Pantothenic acid [mg]0.22
Vitamin B-6 [mg]0.03
Folate, total [µg]1
Folate, food [µg]1
Folate, DFE [µg]1
Choline, total [mg]2.1
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) [mg]0.04
Fatty acids, total saturated [g]0.04
14:0 [g]0
16:0 [g]0.03
18:0 [g]0
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g]0.07
16:1 [g]0
18:1 [g]0.07
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g]0.07
18:2 [g]0.07
18:3 [g]0
Tryptophan [g]0.02
Threonine [g]0.07
Isoleucine [g]0.09
Leucine [g]0.17
Lysine [g]0.07
Methionine [g]0.05
Cystine [g]0.04
Phenylalanine [g]0.11
Tyrosine [g]0.07
Valine [g]0.12
Arginine [g]0.17
Histidine [g]0.05
Alanine [g]0.12
Aspartic acid [g]0.19
Glutamic acid [g]0.39
Glycine [g]0.09
Proline [g]0.1
Serine [g]0.11
Sources include : USDA

Sticky Rice Nutrition

This form of rice does have a unique nutritional profile that includes high levels of protein, as well as roughly 170 calories per cup of cooked rice. There are also various B vitamins, selenium, zinc, magnesium, copper, and phosphorous. This rice does contain fiber, but not as much as is found in brown rice and other forms of white rice. There is almost no fat or cholesterol of any kind in this rice.

Sticky Rice Benefits

The health benefits of sticky rice include its ability to regulate diabetes, prevent chronic diseases, reduce inflammation, and optimize digestion, among others.

Chronic Disease

Selenium and various other vitamins and minerals in sticky rice take on antioxidant properties in the body, which can lower your risk of chronic diseases and reduce oxidative stress in the body.

Diabetes

A recent study published in the Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition states that eating sticky brown rice for a day improves glycaemic control in patients with type-2 diabetes which was assessed by continuous glucose monitoring.

Sticky rice in a container

A cute litte tin of sticky rice Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Inflammation

The copper, zinc, and B vitamins in this form of rice are known to boost the strength of the immune system, which can reduce unnecessary inflammation and reduce strain on your system.

Bone Density

With a variety of essential minerals in sticky rice, this popular variety can help to build strong bones and lower your risk of osteoporosis as you age.

Heart Health

With no fat or cholesterol to speak of, this variety of rice is a wise choice for those with heart conditions, high blood pressure, or those struggling with their weight.

Metabolism

Many of the B vitamins found in sticky rice are directly tied to the metabolism of the body, including enzyme creation, hormonal balance, and other essential metabolic processes.

How to Make Sticky Rice?

Many people choose to make their own sticky rice at home, which is surprisingly simple if you follow some basic steps.

Hot sticky rice in old wooden steamer

Basic Sticky Rice Recipe

White sticky rice makes the perfect accompaniment to almost anything! Make the perfect rice with this simple recipe. 
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Course: Main Course
Cuisine: Asian
Keyword: Rice, Sticky Rice
Appliance: Stainless Steep Pot
Prep Time: 3 hours
Cook Time: 15 minutes
Total Time: 3 hours 15 minutes
Servings: 4 servings
Author: Raksha Hegde

Ingredients

  • 2 cups sticky rice grain
  • 4 cups water filtered
  • 1/2 tsp salt

Instructions

  • Choose a bag of long-grain sticky rice from the store or market.
    Fresh rice sprig and a small sack of white rice falling on a wooden table
  • Soak 2 cups of rice with 4 cups of filtered water in a pot for 3-4 hours. This will help the rice grains absorb the water. 
  • Add 1/2 teaspoon of salt and place the pot over high heat and bring to a boil.
  • Reduce heat to medium and cover with a lid. Continue cooking for 10 minutes, allowing some steam to vent. 
  • Do not stir while the rice is cooking. Continue cooking until all the water has been absorbed.
  • Serve the rice hot (and sticky!).
    Sticky rice in a container

Enjoy sticky rice with curries or meat dishes!

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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, publisher and photographer with English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana (USA). He co-founded the literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and now serves as the Content Director for Stain’d Arts, a non-profit based in Denver, Colorado. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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