Cremini Mushrooms: Nutrition & Benefits

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

Cooking with cremini mushrooms not only makes your meals more flavorful but can also provide a range of impressive health benefits.

What are Cremini Mushrooms?

Cremini mushrooms are scientifically known as Agaricus bisporus [1]a moderately mature white button mushroom. These mushrooms are slightly older examples of white button mushrooms, and slightly younger examples of portobellos. Many people don’t realize that so many of our favorite mushrooms are actually the same species simply aged for different amounts of time.

Cremini mushrooms are brown in color, possessing a slightly firmer and meatier texture than young whiter mushrooms, along with a more earthy and pleasant flavor. They are popular in cooking for their strong flavor, and their flexibility in so many recipes. [2]

Cremini mushrooms on a wooden counter

Cremini mushrooms Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Nutrition Facts

Nutritionally speaking, cremini mushrooms are very high in copper, phosphorus, and selenium, as well as B-complex vitamins, potassium, and zinc. This is in addition to good amounts of protein, at roughly 1/2 gram in each medium-sized mushroom. These mushrooms are also very low in calories, providing only 16 calories in a single cup, but offer very high levels of polyphenolic compounds and other antioxidants.

Health Benefits of Cremini Mushrooms

The top health benefits of cremini mushrooms include their ability to soothe inflammation, protect cardiovascular health, and boost gut health, among others.

Anticancer Potential

Various medicinal properties of certain types of mushrooms are already known. However, even the mushrooms of the Agaricus bisporus variety have exhibited some anticancer properties. According to an animal study published in the journal Nutrition and Cancer [3], the inclusion of these mushrooms in the diet might be helpful towards reducing the risk of prostate cancer. It was observed to have antiproliferative and proapoptotic properties in mice.

Heart Health

With good amounts of dietary fiber, as well as gallic acid, flavonoids, potassium, and selenium, these mushrooms are a comprehensive protector of heart health, with the ability to lower cholesterol, reduce blood pressure and lower your risk of coronary heart disease at the same time! [4]


Mushrooms are known to be very effective in boosting the immune system, which can ensure that the body’s resources are being used wisely. Additionally, these mushrooms are high in B vitamins, which can stimulate the metabolism and improve energy generation. Chronic diseases that have a connection to poor metabolic health include obesity, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, premature aging, and dementia. [5]

Digestive Issues

The combination of selenium and various antioxidants in these mushrooms can help protect against leaky gut syndrome, a very common gastrointestinal condition. By strengthening the integrity of the stomach lining, you can boost nutrient uptake and overall gut health. [6] [7]

Substitutes for Cremini Mushrooms

The best substitutes for these mushrooms include using:

Since cremini mushrooms are the same as the white button and portobello mushrooms (just at a different growth stage), they are the most obvious substitutes. The flavor may be different, but the consistency is largely the same. If you choose eggplant, zucchini, tofu or cauliflower, you are choosing based on consistency and the ability of those vegetables and proteins to pick up other flavors.

Cremini vs Portobello vs Baby Bella

All three of these mushrooms belong to the same species, but at different points in growth, they change in texture, flavor, and color.

  • ‘Baby bellas’ is actually another name for creminis since they do look like smaller versions of those older, meatier mushrooms.
  • White button mushrooms are the youngest form of this species before the caps begin to widen and turn brown. Protection Status
About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, publisher and photographer with English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana (USA). He co-founded the literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and now serves as the Content Director for Stain’d Arts, a non-profit based in Denver, Colorado. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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