Everything You Need To Know About Sake

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

Drinking sake is a traditional part of Japanese culture. While it is usually paired with sushi across the US and abroad, it can be had with any kind of cuisine. You can think of sake as closer to beer because it is brewed from fermented grain. It also makes an interesting base for cocktails.

What is Sake?

Sake is a popular beverage that is made by fermenting rice. A common staple of Japanese culture, it has now become a popular drink worldwide. While wine is made through the fermentation of crushed grapes or other fruits, sake is brewed in a similar way to beer, in which the starch of polished rice grains becomes sugar and begins to ferment. In terms of alcohol content, Japanese rice wine usually has a concentration of 15% ABV, making it similar to traditional wine. [1] [2]

This alcohol also tastes quite like wine and is commonly compared to dry white wine, or light and fruity white wine. The rice used to make sake is not fit to eat, but there are nearly 100 different types of rice throughout Japan that are used to prepare it. Thus there is a wide variety of flavors and styles of this popular beverage. It can range from delicate and floral to a rich and funky-tasting beverage.

Pouring sake into a cup

Sake is an alcoholic drink made from fermented rice. Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Nutrition Facts

Alcoholic beverage, rice (sake)
Serving Size :
Water [g]78.4
Energy 134
Energy [kJ]561
Protein [g]0.5
Carbohydrate, by difference [g]5
Calcium, Ca [mg]5
Iron, Fe [mg]0.1
Magnesium, Mg [mg]6
Phosphorus, P [mg]6
Potassium, K [mg]25
Sodium, Na [mg]2
Zinc, Zn [mg]0.02
Copper, Cu [mg]0.01
Selenium, Se [µg]1.4
Alcohol, ethyl [g]16.1
Sources include : USDA [3]

Nutrition Facts

Due to the fact that sake is made from rice, it has some nutrients that are not found in most alcohols, including selenium and various amino acids. A 100-gram serving of sake contains roughly 135 calories, as well as a minimal amount of protein and iron. [4]


There are potential health benefits associated with drinking Japanese rice wine in moderation. These health benefits are due to either the ingredients used to make sake or the fermentation process itself. These include:

  • May improve overall digestive health including gastritis [5]
  • May aid in the recovery of liver health, when consumed in moderation [6]
  • May help improve sleep quality [7]
  • May act as a mood enhancer [8]

However, sake is meant to be enjoyed as an experience in moderation and not as a health drink. Alcoholism and binge drinking is detrimental to your overall health and can undo any possible good things that moderate amounts can impart. [9]

How to Drink?

The consumption of sake is deeply ingrained in Japanese culture, and in many Japanese restaurants, there are certain traditions associated with this beverage, such as drinking it from specific cups and serving it from specific saucers. Depending on the season and the type of sake, it can be served cold, chilled, hot or warm.

How to Make Sake?

The production of sake is quite a challenging and time-intensive process so amateurs rarely attempt to make this beverage. That being said, if you do wish to make your own, the general steps in the process are below.

Pouring sake into a cup

Homemade Sake Recipe

Relish the malted beer-like taste of Japan's favorite rice wine!
4.5 from 2 votes
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Course: Drinks, Alcoholic drink
Cuisine: Japanese
Keyword: Rice Wine, sake, Japanese sake, Japanese rice wine
Servings: 2 gallons
Author: Ishani Bose


  • 4 kg of polished rice
  • 1.13 kg of koji
  • 7.6 liters of water
  • 4 grams of yeast


  • Wash and steam-cook the polished rice bran.
  • Mix the rice with yeast and koji, a type of rice that has already been cultivated with a specific mold.
  • Allow the mixture to begin to ferment, adding rice, yeast, and koji over the next four days.
  • This fermenting mash will be allowed to sit for 3 to 5 weeks.
  • Press, filter, and blend the liquid that remains.

Side Effects

There are a few side effects that are specific to this beverage. The side effects of drinking excess Japanese rice wine include the following:

  • Hangover
  • Dehydration
  • Nausea or a headache

As with any kind of alcohol consumption, there are health risks if had in excess. The risks involved with drinking excessive alcohol can be short term such as violence and injuries to long-term health risks such as chronic diseases. [10]

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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, publisher and photographer with English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana (USA). He co-founded the literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and now serves as the Content Director for Stain’d Arts, a non-profit based in Denver, Colorado. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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