The major health benefits of cheese include relief from hypertension and osteoporosis. It also helps in maintaining bone health, gaining weight and dental care. For ages, it has been part and parcel of daily life in Europe, America, Australia and nearly every country in the world that has a cold climate, except certain countries in the Indian Subcontinent and the Middle Eastern region. That being said, India and some of its neighboring countries have been using a slightly different form of cheese which is commonly known as “cottage cheese” or “paneer” for generations.
Unlike traditional cheese, cottage cheese is not fermented. Over the last 10 years or so, cheese has become widely popular in India and neighboring countries with multinational companies like McDonald’s stepping into these countries with their mouth-watering products like pizza and hamburgers both of which use a lot of cheese. Contrary to the popular belief of fresh edibles being more nutritious, fermented cheese is far more nutritious than its fresher counterpart.
It is prepared from milk or milk products such as curd. There are many varieties and flavors of cheese available all around the world.
Serving Size : Nutrient Value Water [g] 36.75 Energy 403 Energy [kJ] 1684 Protein [g] 22.87 Total lipid (fat) [g] 33.31 Ash [g] 3.71 Carbohydrate, by difference [g] 3.37 Sugars, total including NLEA [g] 0.48 Glucose (dextrose) [g] 0.26 Lactose [g] 0.12 Galactose [g] 0.1 Calcium, Ca [mg] 710 Iron, Fe [mg] 0.14 Magnesium, Mg [mg] 27 Phosphorus, P [mg] 455 Potassium, K [mg] 76 Sodium, Na [mg] 653 Zinc, Zn [mg] 3.64 Copper, Cu [mg] 0.03 Manganese, Mn [mg] 0.03 Selenium, Se [µg] 28.5 Thiamin [mg] 0.03 Riboflavin [mg] 0.43 Niacin [mg] 0.06 Pantothenic acid [mg] 0.41 Vitamin B-6 [mg] 0.07 Folate, total [µg] 27 Folate, food [µg] 27 Folate, DFE [µg] 27 Choline, total [mg] 16.5 Betaine [mg] 0.7 Vitamin B-12 [µg] 1.1 Vitamin A, RAE [µg] 337 Retinol [µg] 330 Carotene, beta [µg] 85 Vitamin A, IU [IU] 1242 Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) [mg] 0.71 Vitamin D (D2 + D3), International Units [IU] 24 Vitamin D (D2 + D3) [µg] 0.6 Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) [µg] 0.6 Vitamin K (phylloquinone) [µg] 2.4 Vitamin K (Menaquinone-4) [µg] 8.6 Fatty acids, total saturated [g] 18.87 4:0 [g] 0.63 6:0 [g] 0.54 8:0 [g] 0.34 10:0 [g] 0.82 12:0 [g] 0.94 14:0 [g] 3.01 15:0 [g] 0.32 16:0 [g] 8.63 17:0 [g] 0.19 18:0 [g] 3.39 20:0 [g] 0.05 22:0 [g] 0.02 24:0 [g] 0.01 Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g] 9.39 14:1 [g] 0.3 16:1 [g] 0.5 16:1 c [g] 0.4 17:1 [g] 0.06 18:1 [g] 7.4 18:1 c [g] 6.59 20:1 [g] 0.07 22:1 [g] 0 22:1 c [g] 0 24:1 c [g] 0 Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g] 0.94 18:2 [g] 1.17 18:2 n-6 c,c [g] 0.79 18:2 CLAs [g] 0.17 18:3 [g] 0.11 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) [g] 0.11 18:3 n-6 c,c,c [g] 0 18:3i [g] 0 20:2 n-6 c,c [g] 0.01 20:3 [g] 0.04 20:3 n-3 [g] 0 20:3 n-6 [g] 0.04 20:4 [g] 0.05 20:5 n-3 (EPA) [g] 0.01 22:4 [g] 0.01 22:5 n-3 (DPA) [g] 0.02 22:6 n-3 (DHA) [g] 0 16:1 t [g] 0.1 18:1 t [g] 0.82 18:2 t not further defined [g] 0.21 Cholesterol [mg] 99 Tryptophan [g] 0.55 Threonine [g] 1.04 Isoleucine [g] 1.21 Leucine [g] 1.94 Lysine [g] 1.03 Methionine [g] 0.55 Cystine [g] 0.12 Phenylalanine [g] 1.07 Tyrosine [g] 1.11 Valine [g] 1.4 Arginine [g] 0.55 Histidine [g] 0.55 Alanine [g] 0.75 Aspartic acid [g] 1.73 Glutamic acid [g] 4.74 Glycine [g] 0.55 Proline [g] 2.5 Serine [g] 0.78 Sources include : USDA 
Nutritional Value of Cheese
Cheese contains many nutrients, including vitamins such as vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K. Other vitamins such as thiamin, riboflavin, niacin are also found in different types of cheese. Adding it to your diet also provides certain vital minerals such as calcium, sodium, zinc, phosphorus, potassium and iron to the human body. 
Health Benefits of Cheese
The health benefits of cheese include the following:
Cheese has very high calcium content, the first and foremost thing you need for strong teeth. Moreover, it is very low in lactose content. Older the cheese, lower the lactose content in it. This also is beneficial for the teeth as any form of sugar (glucose, maltose or lactose) in food can harm the teeth.
Improves Bone Health
Apart from having very high calcium content, cheese is also rich in vitamin-B, which is very good for children, women (particularly when pregnant or lactating) and elderly people, for the formation and strengthening of bones and cartilage. The vitamin-B in cheese aids to the proper absorption and distribution of calcium.
Osteoporosis is mainly a deficiency disease caused by a deficiency of calcium (non-absorption), resulting in a decrease in bone mineral density. This is particularly seen in women who have undergone menopause, elderly people and children who suffer from malnutrition. This can be treated with protein, calcium and a vitamin-rich diet. Calcium alone will not help much, because the problem is with its absorption and its utilization for bone formation. These three components are found in abundance in cheese. Therefore, it can be an ideal part of the diet for those suffering from osteoporosis.
Sodium and cholesterol are the two elements mainly considered harmful for hypertension and hypertensive people. In this way, cheese should be viewed critically. The fat content of the cheese depends very much on the quality of the milk, whether it is full fat or full cream, low fat or fat free. In general, high-fat ones are more popular, since they tend to taste better. But, keeping in view the public demand and health concerns, low-fat cheese is also being introduced to the market. This means that you need to be choosy while picking it for your home and diet.
Don’t forget the sodium content! Although the sodium content of cheese varies according to the amount of salt added to the milk prior to cheese formation, it is never low enough to be recommended for hypertensive people, as salt is an inevitable part of the cheese. In general, it is not recommended for people suffering from hypertension (high blood pressure). Although low sodium and low-fat cheese are helpful in reducing homocysteine, an agent that is often related to heart diseases, this fact still does not make it recommendable for hypertensive people. Another thing in it that can help hypertensive people is the vitamin-B content if they do choose to eat it.
Promotes Weight Gain
Cheese is an excellent food for gaining weight. It is full of proteins, fats, calcium, vitamins, and minerals. You need protein for muscle formation and growth, fats for fat-based processes in the body, calcium for heavier and stronger bones and vitamins and minerals for improved metabolic function. You just need to eat a lot of them, do your exercise and sleep an adequate amount.
Other Benefits: Cheese contains conjugated linoleic acid and sphingolipids which may help prevent various diseases. It contains a lot of vitamin-B which develops in it during the fermentation process. Vitamin-B is very good for maintaining many functions in the body and also for protection against diseases like Beriberi. It also enhances blood formation, strengthens the liver, and facilitates the absorption of nutrients in the body.
How to select and store Cheese?
Different types of cheese are available in markets all over the world. Some varieties such as fresh cheese with no preservatives are to be used within a few days of purchase as they easily spoil. Store it in cool places or refrigerate them. Before eating or using cheese keep it at room temperatures for better flavor and texture.