15 Wonderful Benefits of Longan Fruit

by John Staughton (BASc, BFA) last updated -

Longan is a delicious tropical fruit that may contain anti-aging properties, improve skin health, nourish the blood, increase circulation, and enhance memory. The fruit’s amazing health benefits also may include boosting the nervous system, improving immunity, lowering blood pressure, calming the body, and improving sleep quality. In Chinese traditional medicine, it might be used to increase the Qi (energy) of the heart, and as a sexual and beauty tonic.

What is Longan?

Longan is the fruit of the longan tree (which is scientifically known as Dimocarpus longan). It looks like a berry or a grape and tastes mildly juicy and sweet. Longan is classified within the larger group of soapberries, which is composed of other exotic fruits, such as lychee, ackee, salt lime, and guarana, among others. It is commonly called the dragon’s eye fruit because the flesh of the fruit is pale white with a black seed right in the middle.

As the fruit ripens, the outer layer of skin forms into a hardened shell, so that when they are harvested, the fruit can easily be freed from the shell. Before eating the inner part of the fruit, the seed should be removed, but the essential oils of these seeds are often used for medicinal purposes. It has only recently been introduced to the rest of the world and is now experiencing another resurgence in popularity as a health food. [1]

Longan fruits with leaves on a wooden table

Longan is classified within the larger group of soapberries, which is composed of other exotic fruits, such as lychee, ackee, salt lime, and guarana, among others. Photo Credit: Shutterstock

Native to Southern Asia, longan has been cultivated and harvested for generations, and its first recorded use is actually more than 2,000 years ago. This fruit is not only an important culinary element but also a popular tool in traditional medicine in Asia, thanks to its unique nutrient profile.

Nutrition Facts

Longans, raw
Serving Size :
Water [g]82.75
Energy 60
Energy [kJ]251
Protein [g]1.31
Total lipid (fat) [g]0.1
Ash [g]0.7
Carbohydrate, by difference [g]15.14
Fiber, total dietary [g]1.1
Calcium, Ca [mg]1
Iron, Fe [mg]0.13
Magnesium, Mg [mg]10
Phosphorus, P [mg]21
Potassium, K [mg]266
Zinc, Zn [mg]0.05
Copper, Cu [mg]0.17
Manganese, Mn [mg]0.05
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid [mg]84
Thiamin [mg]0.03
Riboflavin [mg]0.14
Niacin [mg]0.3
Threonine [g]0.03
Isoleucine [g]0.03
Leucine [g]0.05
Lysine [g]0.05
Methionine [g]0.01
Phenylalanine [g]0.03
Tyrosine [g]0.03
Valine [g]0.06
Arginine [g]0.04
Histidine [g]0.01
Alanine [g]0.16
Aspartic acid [g]0.13
Glutamic acid [g]0.21
Glycine [g]0.04
Proline [g]0.04
Serine [g]0.05
Sources include : USDA [2]

Longan Nutrition Facts

Longan may be low in calories, with less than 20 calories present in an ounce of these small fruits. There are also very few carbohydrates found in these fruits, which might be good for those on a ketogenic diet. However, longan can be an excellent source of potassium and vitamin C, as well as copper, magnesium, phosphorus, and manganese, in addition to numerous B vitamins, including folic acid. The fruit may also boast certain antioxidant polyphenols like corilagin, gallic acid, and ellagic acid that can increase the overall wellness of the body. [3]

Health Benefits of Longan

Let’s take a look at some of the most notable health benefits of longan:

May Help With Skin Care

Vitamin C, present in high amounts in longan, may be vital for collagen synthesis, which might help keep the skin firm and healthy. It may provide antioxidant protection against ultraviolet radiation and may clear out the oxidative stress in your system. In traditional Chinese medicine, longan soup is a time-tested recipe known to add luster and suppleness to the skin. [4]

May Be Anti-aging

Longan may help eliminate wrinkles, age spots, as well as blemishes and the appearance of scars. The flesh of the fruit may contain vitamins B and C as well as antioxidants, which have anti-aging properties and minimize dryness, as well as the cracking and peeling of the skin. [5]

May Boost Libido

Longan tonics might have been popular since time immemorial with Chinese women to increase their sensuality and appearance. The fruit may help increase energy and stave off fatigue. [6]

May Relieve Anxiety

The dried berry may have a calming effect and may be used to help with anxiety and sleeplessness. In traditional Chinese medicine, longan tea made by steeping Chinese red dates and dried longans in hot water, may help reduce anxiety as well as warm the body in winter months.

May Improve Sleep Quality

In a study, it was found that longan extract may have anxiolytic activity, which prolonged sleep time in people. The flesh of the fruit and tissues in its seeds may have often been used in Chinese tonics to enhance calmness and induce deep, rejuvenating sleep. [7]

May Be Used As A Blood Tonic

There may be trace amounts of iron in longan, which might help stimulate the production of red blood cells and boost circulation. With proper blood flow, you may have resources delivered to key parts of the body, as well as oxygen, which might increase energy and prevent the symptoms of anemia. [8]

May Help In Weight Loss

Due to the extremely low number of calories found in longan, it might be very effective in losing weight. The nutrient density may help suppress the appetite, despite being able to eat as many of these fruits as you want without any real fear of compromising on your caloric intake. [9]

May Increase Energy

In Chinese traditional medicine, it was believed that longan could help to balance the Qi, which may improve energy levels, prevent chronic disease, reduce dizziness, and boost metabolism. Millions of anecdotal reports from China confirm the energy-boosting potential of this fruit.

May Regulate Blood Pressure

Potassium, present in longan, may have been directly linked to lowering blood pressure. The mineral is a vasodilator, which means that it can release the tension in your blood vessels and arteries, which may ultimately protect the cardiovascular system and reduce your risk of atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes. [10]

May Provide Neuroprotection

Research has found that longan may help balance the electrolytes in the body, and this can, in turn, help improve the function of the nervous system. The electrical signals required for every action in the body must pass through the electrolytes, so this fruit can help overall function and even muscle movement. [11]

May Strengthen Immunity

Longan, being a rich source of vitamin C, may give a boost to your immune system in addition to increasing antioxidant activities. [12]

May Speed-up Healing

Having a high level of vitamin C also means that this fruit may help in the production of collagen, which is essential for every tissue, cell or muscle in the body. Proper levels of collagen mean that repair can happen effectively and efficiently. [13]

May Protect Against Chronic Diseases

Despite having a minimal amount of antioxidants, they might still help eliminate free radicals and neutralize their impact within the body. This can help prevent the mutation of healthy cells, and lower the risk of developing chronic diseases. [14]

May Aid in Digestion

Dried and fresh longans have a high fiber content that may help bulk up the stool and promote peristaltic motion. It might also help  pass bowel movements and prevent symptoms of constipation, indigestion, diarrhea, bloating, cramping, and general stomach upset, while also improving nutrient uptake efficiency. [15]

May Improve Memory

Numerous research studies have linked the consumption of longan with the potential of improved cognitive abilities, particularly those relating to the formation and retention of memory. [16]

May Alleviate Snake Bites

In Vietnam, the seed of the fruit is commonly used to treat snakebites and is usually pressed against the infected area. It may contain saponin, which has the ability to absorb venom.

May Improve Vision Health

B vitamins, especially B6, B12, and folic acid present in this tropical fruit may lower the chances of age-related macular degeneration and helps maintain vision health. [17]

May Aid In Dental Care

Longan abundant in B vitamins might also be known to keep the teeth and gums in good condition.

How to Select and Store Longan?

Choose longans, which are ripe and have a deep tan color, and make sure it is not bruised. The fruit is best had fresh or in dried form. It is also available as canned fruit in syrup. Fresh longans can be refrigerated for up to two weeks.  You will often find it used in soups, puddings, desserts, and as a flavoring agent in certain beverages or dishes.

Difference: Longan, Lychee, & Rambutan

Even though longan, lychee, and rambutan belong to the same family of fruits, Sapindaceae, they are all very different when they are removed from their outer skins and coverings (white flesh, central seed, etc.). Lychee is certainly the most well-known of these three around the globe, but longan and rambutan are quite popular throughout Asia as well.

Appearance: Longan, as mentioned, is yellowish and slightly larger than a grape. Lychee has a red outer skin that might be mistaken for rambutan but they are notably smaller. However, the rambutan fruit is bright orange with dozens of small spikes coming off the golf ball-shaped body of the fruit.

Taste: In terms of taste, longan tends to be a bit tart, while lychee has more actual juice and makes for a more refreshing bite. Rambutan, on the other hand, has firm flesh and it has a sweet, creamy, and slightly floral taste. Rambutan is the sweetest of the three. When you eat the fruit or mix them in cocktails, it can often be difficult to distinguish between their tastes.

Side Effects

Despite the many potential benefits of longan, there might be some side effects, such as an increased risk of gastrointestinal distress and complications in pregnancy.

  • Pregnancy: If you are pregnant, speak with your doctor before adding this exotic fruit to your diet, as it may have stimulatory effects on the body, potentially even menstruation, which could complicate your pregnancy.
  • Stomach Upset: If you have a sensitive stomach or are experiencing any sort of stomach upset, avoid this fruit, as it can exacerbate these effects, resulting in anything from diarrhea and vomiting to cramping and constipation.
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About the Author

John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, publisher and photographer with English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana (USA). He co-founded the literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and now serves as the Content Director for Stain’d Arts, a non-profit based in Denver, Colorado. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.

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