Fortifiedisn’t something that most are familiar with, but in many countries and regions of the , these potables are the cultural .
What is Fortified Wine?
Fortified wine is a wine to which brandy, although sometimes ethanol or a neutral spirit, made from or grain, is also used. The extra alcohol is usually added to the wine before the process is over, making the wine sweeter and stronger. The fortified wine was used as a to help the wine stay viable on journeys, but it is now typically of as a wine. Many different regional of fortified wine have been created over the centuries, although only a few have remained popular.has been added to make it stronger. Typically, the that is added is
Types of Fortified Wine
There are many different types of fortified, including Commandaria, Madeira wine, marsala wine, mistelle, port wine, , and vermouth among others.
- Commandaria: This is a Greek wine, native to Cyprus, aged in oak grapes, resulting in a , -colored wine. and made with -dried
- Madeira wine: This is a variety of fortified wine from the Madeira off the coast of Portugal. It has a unique maturing process that includes heating the wine and exposing it to .
- Marsala wine: This comes from Sicily and comes in both fortified and unfortified versions. It is often used as a substitute for sherry or port in .
- Mistelle: Also known as vin de liqueur, is a wine fortified with that is often added to other blends.
- Port wine: This comes from Portugal and refers to many different flavors of this potent wine variety.
- Sherry: This is a white wine fortified with brandy that comes from and is available in both sweet and dry styles.
- Vermouth: This is a fortified wine, flavored with a closely guarded mix of spices, which was originally created to add to bad wine in order to make it taste better. aromatics and
How to Make?
There are three typical ways for home winemakers to try theirat making this unusual wine.
- Step 1: Add alcohol to a wide base before fermentation starts, which will result in a very strong, very sweet drink.
- Step 2: Add alcohol during the fermentation process, which will kill the sugar . This will make your wine similar to a port. and leave a strong
- Step 3: Add alcohol after the fermentation process. Simply mix the wine and your fortifier together, and then age for at least six months. Marsala and Madeira wines are both made in this way.
Fortified Wine vs. Unfortified Wine
Most regulatory systems define the difference between fortified and unfortified wines as the ABV of the.
- In the US, fortified wine is anything between 16-24% ABV.
- Unfortified wine is therefore defined as anything under 16%.
However, the colloquial definition of fortified wine is any wine to which additionalspirit has been added, regardless of the resultant ABV.