A truffle is a rare and delicious culinary treat that is highly sought after throughout the world. Truffles are also some of the most expensive foods in the world, costing hundreds or even thousands of dollars per kilogram.
What is Truffle?
Truffles are an underground mushroom from the Tuber genus, many of which are extremely valuable for their potent flavor and culinary applications. Although not everyone enjoys mushrooms, truffles have a unique and delectable taste and are particularly well represented in French cuisine. Most truffle varieties form a symbiotic relationship with certain types of trees, ranging from oak and hazelnut to pecan and beech trees.
Serving Size : Nutrient Value Total lipid (fat) [g] 31.93 Carbohydrate, by difference [g] 49.61 Energy 511 Water [g] 10.07 Caffeine [mg] 17 Theobromine [mg] 170 Sugars, total including NLEA [g] 43.09 Fiber, total dietary [g] 2.8 Calcium, Ca [mg] 167 Iron, Fe [mg] 1.96 Magnesium, Mg [mg] 53 Phosphorus, P [mg] 181 Potassium, K [mg] 323 Sodium, Na [mg] 86 Zinc, Zn [mg] 1.94 Copper, Cu [mg] 0.41 Selenium, Se [µg] 4.2 Retinol [µg] 125 Vitamin A, RAE [µg] 126 Carotene, beta [µg] 15 Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) [mg] 0.62 Vitamin D (D2 + D3) [µg] 0.2 Lutein + zeaxanthin [µg] 5 Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid [mg] 0.1 Thiamin [mg] 0.1 Riboflavin [mg] 0.28 Niacin [mg] 0.33 Vitamin B-6 [mg] 0.04 Folate, total [µg] 11 Vitamin B-12 [µg] 0.65 Choline, total [mg] 41.1 Vitamin K (phylloquinone) [µg] 5.4 Folate, food [µg] 10 Folate, DFE [µg] 10 Cholesterol [mg] 41 Fatty acids, total saturated [g] 20.02 4:0 [g] 0.49 6:0 [g] 0.22 8:0 [g] 0.18 10:0 [g] 0.4 12:0 [g] 0.43 14:0 [g] 1.66 16:0 [g] 8.82 18:0 [g] 7.27 18:1 [g] 6.71 18:2 [g] 1.27 18:3 [g] 0.13 20:4 [g] 0.01 16:1 [g] 0.46 20:1 [g] 0.01 20:5 n-3 (EPA) [g] 0 22:5 n-3 (DPA) [g] 0 Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g] 7.82 Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g] 1.45 Sources include : USDA
Truffles command such high prices because they don’t keep well for very long after they are dug up, and they are difficult to cultivate. Specially trained dogs or pigs often must be used to sniff out the truffles underground. According to a study conducted in Italy by Antonietta Mello et al., the growing season for these mushrooms is also relatively short – only 3-4 months in length – which may explain the high price tag. Some of the various types of truffles include black truffles, garlic truffles, summer truffles, and white truffles, the last being the most prized and expensive of all.
In terms of nutrition, these mushrooms offer dietary fiber, as well as protein, phosphorus, iron, and calcium, according to a research report by Amina Hamza et al. There is no fat and it has a low level of carbohydrates. Vitamin D is also found in these mushrooms. However, since such a small amount of these mushrooms are used in most dishes, they are not commonly eaten for their value or density.
There are various health benefits associated with eating truffles, including lowering Saad Sabbar D et al, 2018).and preventing premature aging, among others (Hamza A et al, 2016;
- Reduce stress
- Slow down the aging process
- Protect the liver from damage
- Lower risk of developing disease
- Aid the immune system with anti- properties
- Healthy meat alternative for non-meat eaters
- Provide relief from trachoma and other eye
While theand properties of truffles have been researched, further studies can help to discover the extent of health benefits that these delicious, exotic mushrooms can offer. Also, while truffles are considered in folklore as an , there is no scientific evidence for the same.
How to Use?
There are many wonderful ways to use truffles, such as the following:
- Creating truffle oil as an unforgettable drizzle or topping
- Distilling a flavor-based vodka
- Making butter, honey, and various other sauces
- Pairing it with butter and cheese sauces
Due to the exorbitant price, however, it is always recommended to use truffles sparingly. The potent flavor is enough to overpower a dish when used in excess.