The health benefits of bergamot essential oil can be attributed to its properties as a deodorant, vulnerary, vermifuge, antibiotic, antiseptic, , and a sedative. It also acts as an analgesic, , , febrifuge, , and a digestive substance.
What is Bergamot Essential Oil?
Bergamot is a citrus fruit whose rind is used for extracting bergamot essential oil. The scientific name of bergamot is Citrus aurantium var. or Citrus bergamia. It is a tropical plant but thrives in Europe as well. Its powerful sweet aroma of makes it a popular component in many perfumes, and it is often used as the “top note”. It is derived from cold compression, as opposed to the steam distillation through which many other essential oils are derived.
One of the most common applications that you may not be aware of is its use in black tea preparation. The inclusion of bergamot essential oil in regular black tea is given a different name – Earl Gray!
The chemical composition of this oil includes alpha-pinene, alpha bergapten, alpha-terpineol, limonene, linalool, linalyl acetate, nerol, neryl acetate, beta bisabolene, geraniol, geraniol acetate, and myrcene.
Health Benefits of Bergamot Essential Oil
Bergamot oil has a number of uses due to its medicinal properties. Let’s explore its health benefits below.
Helps Relieve Depression
A study published in 2011 stated that the components of bergamot oil, like alpha-pinene and limonene, are antidepressant and stimulating in nature. By improving the of the blood, they generate a feeling of freshness, joy, and energy in case of sadness and depression. An article published in the Phytotherapy Research journal in 2017 revealed that the hormonal impact of this essential oil is part of the reason that it is so powerful in these and mental conditions.
Helps Lower Blood Sugar Levels
Bergamot essential oil also helps stimulate hormonal secretions, thereby helping to maintain proper metabolic rates. This stimulating effect also increases the secretion of digestive juices, bile, and insulin. This aids in digestion, proper absorption of nutrients, assimilation, and decomposition of sugar and the resultant lowering of blood sugar.
Research led by the Department of Drug Sciences and Products for Health, University of Messina, Italy, suggests that certain components of the essential oil of bergamot are antibiotic and disinfectant in nature. According to research done in 2007, bergamot essential oil has the ability to inhibit the growth of germs, virus, and fungi. It can also effectively prohibit infections, including those of the skin. If regularly used with bathing water or in soaps (it is already used extensively in skin care soaps), the skin and hair remain protected from infections and become shiny. It also cures infections in the colon, intestines, urinary tract, and kidneys.
Research conducted at the Department of Pharmacobiology and University Centre for Adaptive Disorders and Headache, Section of Neuropharmacology of Normal and Pathological Neuronal Plasticity, University of Calabria, concluded that bergamot essential oil helps reduce the feeling of pain in the body. It stimulates the secretion of certain hormones which lessen the sensitivity of nerves to pain. Therefore, it is very helpful in case of headaches, sprains, muscle aches or any other symptoms/ailments which require a heavy dosage of analgesic pills. This means that you can avoid the dangerous side effects of many over-the-counter pain medicines, which often have adverse side effects and can damage your liver and kidneys, as well as cause blood thinning and insomnia.
Relaxant & Sedative
The flavonoids present in bergamot oil are very good relaxants as well. They soothe the nerves and reduce nervous tension, anxiety, and stress, all of which can help cure ailments associated with stress such as high blood pressure, insomnia, and depression. They can also stimulate the activity of certain hormones in the body like dopamine and serotonin, which induce feelings of relaxation and sedation.
Aids in Digestion
Bergamot essential oil activates and increases secretions of the digestive acids, enzymes, and bile, thus facilitating digestion. It also synchronizes and regulates the peristaltic motion of the intestines and in this way, it quickens the digestive process and reduces strain to the intestinal tract. In this way, this essential oil can reduce constipation, make bowel movements regular, and prevent complications. Moreover, as mentioned in a research published in the School of Health, The University of Northampton, UK, bergamot essential oil helps in keep the gut healthy and lower the risk of food poisoning.
Studies suggest that bergamot essential oil also aids in keeping the skin youthful. This property of bergamot oil is the reason behind its extensive use in cosmetics and skin care products such as beauty soaps, creams, and lotions. The cicatrizant in bergamot helps heal scars and other marks on the skin. It also makes the distribution of pigments and melanin uniform, resulting in the fading away of marks and an even, attractive skin tone. This essential oil is commonly used to eliminate the unsightly effects of acne, which can leave noticeable scars on the affected areas for many years.
Eliminates Bad Odor
Bergamot oil is popular among the younger generation who is always trying new deodorants, searching for something refreshing and natural. This essential oil is an excellent deodorant. The refreshing aroma and disinfectant properties of bergamot oil inhibit the growth of germs causing body-odor. This makes it an effective and attractive delivery system as a deodorant. Citrus smells are very powerful and can overcome or eliminate many other odors, which is why this oil is also used in room fresheners and sprays.
A febrifuge is a substance that reduces fever and lowers body temperature. Bergamot is a good febrifuge for a number of reasons. First of all, as an antibiotic, it fights infections that arise from viruses, bacteria, and protozoa that cause fever, including influenza (virus), malaria (protozoa), and typhoid (typhus bacteria). Secondly, it stimulates the metabolic system and gland secretions, thereby providing a feeling of warmth and resulting in additional secretion ( or sweat) from the eccrine glands (sweat glands) and sebaceous (sebum) glands, thus reducing body temperature. This can also reduce the toxicity of the body through perspiration, and clean out the glands and pores of any foreign toxins that can result in a variety of skin conditions.
It kills worms, and it is a subtle and fragrant choice for children who have contracted worms. It can also be applied to unhealthy, infected teeth or used as a mouthwash to kill oral germs and protect teeth from the development of cavities. Intestinal worms can result in malnourishment and other serious deficiencies including various forms of anemia. Therefore, eliminating these worms, particularly in growing children, is a very important application of bergamot essential oil.
It relaxes nerves and muscles, thereby giving quick relief from cramps, convulsions, and painful muscle contractions. This can also be important for people with chronic coughing, respiratory conditions or asthma, which is similar to a spasmodic reaction.
The same disinfectant and antibiotic properties of bergamot oil make it a good antiseptic agent too. It not only promotes fast healing of wounds, cracks in the skin and heels, ulcers, eczema, and itching but also protects wounds from becoming septic and developing deadly tetanus. It also treats and heals the effects of other infections and inhibits the formation of new ones.
Bergamot essential oil is a tonic, which means that it tones up the respiratory, , digestive, excretory, and nervous system, as well as skin and muscles. It is also anti-congestive and is used in vaporizers to relieve congestion and respiratory problems, particularly during coughs and colds. It works as an expectorant to loosen up phlegm and mucus in the respiratory tracts and helps the body to eliminate it through natural avenues like sneezing and coughing, thereby eliminating some of the germs and toxins that caused the condition in the first place.
Although research has been limited on some of these issues, the respiratory and digestive effects of bergamot essential oil may be even more extensive than originally thought. Ongoing studies show that application of this essential oil may be able to eliminate the formation of gallstones and protect against colic, halitosis, bronchitis, and diphtheria.
Word of Caution: Bergamot oil must be protected from sunlight, because bergapten, one of its components becomes poisonous if exposed to sunlight. That is why the oil should always be stored in dark bottles in dark places. Exposure to sunlight should even be avoided after it is applied to the skin, at least until it gets absorbed into your skin.
Blending: Bergamot oil blends with Clary Sage, Frankincense, Mandarin, Jasmine, Black Pepper, Cypress, Geranium, Nutmeg, Sandalwood, Orange, Rosemary, Vetiver and Ylang-Ylang oil. It is particularly complementary with other citrus oils.
Bergamot Essential Oil FAQs
What is Bergamot?
Bergamot is the name of a tree, which has the scientific name Citrus bergamia. Interestingly enough, this tree is the result of a cross between a lemon tree and an orange tree. Most people seek out bergamot for the fruit or the essential oil, both of which are packed with beneficial nutrients. You can also find bergamot oranges in grocery stores around the world.
What does Bergamot smell like?
Bergamot has a very interesting scent, which is citrus in its base notes. There is also a strange spiciness to it, which has made it quite popular for perfume producers. It has been found to blend very well with a number of other perfume base notes, so you will often see it mixed with sandalwood, jasmine, and rosemary. The fruit and the oil both have very strong scents and are highly recognizable.
What is Bergamot Essential Oil?
Bergamot oil is the essential oil of the bergamot tree. Bergamot oil can be accessed through cold-pressing and is highly sought after around the world, due to its numerous health benefits. Bergamot oil can help speed up the healing process of wounds and is also connected to boosting the immune system and protecting it from infections.
How to use Bergamot Essential Oil?
You can use bergamot essential oil in a number of useful and creative ways, including as a topical spread on the skin while showering, as the scent is magnified. It can also help soothe inflammation and promote healthy skin. Some people choose to use bergamot oil as an air freshener or in a diffuser to fill the room with a pleasant odor. Others add a drop or two to their tea and even apply it directly to their stomach to promote healthy digestion.
What is Bergamot Essential Oil used for?
Bergamot oil is used as an air freshener or an aromatherapy tool, but it is also commonly used in the body or on the skin, due to its therapeutic applications. If you have rough or irritated skin, bergamot essential oil can help to clear up the inflammation. It can settle the stomach if added to tea or meals and can help release tension when used as a massage oil. Some people also mix a few drops of this oil in their skincare and shower products.
What is Bergamot Good for?
Bergamot is particularly good for relieving stress and anxiety, both due to its aroma and the qualities that the oil has. It can be used in massages and rubbed into the temples to relieve headaches; some people choose to put a few drops in their tea to enjoy the relaxing effects. Bergamot oil is also good for lowering depression and bringing an uplifting aura to the air, which is why it is so popular in diffusers.