Black tea is one of the most beloved drinks or beverages in the world with almost 80 percent of people on the planet consuming it every day. What few people realize is that it is also packed with health benefits. It can boost heart health, lower stress, reduce high cholesterol, improve oral health, boost bone health, increase alertness, and prevent digestive problems. It is well-known for its and qualities.
What is Black Tea?
Black tea is a type of tea, considered the most popular tea in the world. It includes many different varieties, which are produced in different parts of the world, notably in India, Sri Lanka, Kenya, and Turkey. Popular black teas include Darjeeling, English Breakfast, and Earl Grey. Like other types of teas, it is also derived from Camellia sinensis. The level of oxidation gives it a unique color and flavor.
The difference between black, green, and white tea is the way they are processed. During the processing stage, black tea is fermented and oxidized. On the other hand, green tea and white tea are not fermented. Black tea is usually stronger in flavor than the other teas. Interestingly, in China where it was first developed, it is known as ‘red tea’. The name comes from the color of its brew.
Watch Video: 10 Best Benefits Of Black Tea
Serving Size : Nutrient Value Water [g] 99.7 Energy [kcal] 1 Energy [kJ] 4 Ash [g] 0.04 Carbohydrate, by difference [g] 0.3 Iron, Fe [mg] 0.02 Magnesium, Mg [mg] 3 Phosphorus, P [mg] 1 Potassium, K [mg] 37 Sodium, Na [mg] 3 Zinc, Zn [mg] 0.02 Copper, Cu [mg] 0.01 Manganese, Mn [mg] 0.22 Fluoride, F [µg] 372.9 Riboflavin [mg] 0.01 Pantothenic acid [mg] 0.01 Folate, total [µg] 5 Folate, food [µg] 5 Folate, DFE [µg] 5 Choline, total [mg] 0.4 Fatty acids, total saturated [g] 0 16:0 [g] 0 Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g] 0 Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g] 0 18:2 [g] 0 18:3 [g] 0 Caffeine [mg] 20 Theobromine [mg] 2 Sources include : USDA
Black Tea Nutrition
It is rich in antioxidants known as polyphenols and catechins. Its oxidation capacity is more than oolong, white, and green teas. The antioxidant compounds found in tea are mainly theaflavins and thearubigins and catechins. These antioxidants are the compounds most responsible for black tea’s potent health benefits. Since regular drinkers take black tea every day, the potency of its effects is enhanced.
Caffeine in Black Tea
Like other teas, black tea also contains caffeine. According to the USDA, a cup (240 gms) of hot brewed tea contains 48 mg caffeine. It is important to note here that the amount of caffeine also depends on the brewing time and its processing. So the brand you buy may also make a difference. For comparison, the same amount of green tea contains 28.8 mg of caffeine. Coffee contains double the amount with an average brewed cup containing at least 96 mg of caffeine.
Health Benefits of Black Tea
Rich Source of Antioxidants
Black tea is a rich source of antioxidants. Polyphenols, such as theaflavins, thearubigins as well as catechins as major constituents of black tea, are mainly responsible for antioxidant actions. The antioxidant properties of tea help to inhibit free radical generation, scavenge free radicals, and help protect your cells against DNA damage.
According to a 2017 study, published in the British Journal of Pharmacology, black tea is rich in catechins and theaflavins. These antioxidants are responsible for many of the beneficial properties of black tea. Regular consumption of black tea can modulate one’s antioxidant capacity. It benefits overall health and can help even prevent or help in managing chronic conditions.
Prevents Heart Diseases
High amounts of flavanols, flavonols, theaflavins and gallic acid derivatives present in black tea help repair coronary artery dysfunctions in heart patients. It also reverses the abnormal functioning of blood vessels, which may lead to strokes, atherosclerosis, and other conditions. Multiple studies have shown that black tea can help reduce risks posed by cardiovascular diseases. A study published in AHA Journals showed that regular consumption of black tea reduced cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Similarly, another study showed that black tea lowered risks associated with heart diseases.
Drinking tea may reduce your chances of suffering a fatal or nonfatal stroke. A review of 9 studies involving 4378 cases of ischemic strokes, published in the American Heart Association journal Stroke, found that three or more cups of tea a day reduced the risk of stroke by 21 percent when compared to drinking less than a cup of tea a day.
Multiple studies have attempted to explore the anticancer potential of black tea. A 2014 review published in Current Pharmaceutical Design found black tea may have anticancer potential against skin, lung, and breast cancer. One study suggests that it may be as effective against ovarian cancer. However, as an article in the Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology points out, animal studies have often been more effective than human trials when it comes to the anti- effects of tea. More research needs to establish the association between black tea and its anticancer potential.
Helps Manage Diabetes
Long-term tea intake is associated with reduced levels of fasting blood glucose and lower rates of type 2 diabetes. The major bioactive compounds in black tea are polyphenols which lower the glycemic index. A study published in the Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism revealed that regular consumption of tea had antioxidative and anti- effects in people with type 2 diabetes.
Drinking more than one cup of black or green tea daily helps in preventing ischemic strokes.
Black tea is rich in tannins and other chemicals that have a positive and relaxing effect on the digestive system of the body. This anti-inflammatory quality of the tea is also helpful for curing digestive disorders. Animal studies have shown that compounds present in this tea may also fight stomach ulcers.
Tea polyphenols are known for their antibacterial activity. Studies show that black tea reduces the risk of Helicobacter pylori infection. The antibacterial properties of tea make it quite handy when it comes to looking for home remedies, whether it is for smelly feet or soothing burns and rashes. For smelly feet, soak your feet in a water bath of strong black tea for 30 minutes. Similarly, apply a chilled teabag to for a soothing effect.
Most of us have grown hearing about the magic of black tea in relaxing and energizing oneself. Research has now backed the stress-relieving properties of this tea. In an article published in Nature, the authors explored different studies to find that tea has the ability to lift our mood and may even benefit people with mental illness. The key ingredients are believed to be L-theanine and EGCG in black tea. These either act alone or in combination with caffeine combination to lift our mood.
One study found that consumption of black tea helped people to recover more quickly from a stressful task. It reduced post-stress cortisol and showed greater relaxation among the test participants when compared to a placebo.
Improves Oral Health
Polyphenols in black tea include catechins, flavonoids, and tannins which have an effect and an inhibitory action on the bacterial and salivary enzymes. A cup or two of unsweetened tea taken daily can reduce inflammation, prevent cavities, and stop the growth of bacteria in the mouth.
Increases Bone Density
Black tea is believed to improve bone density. According to a study, elderly women who are prone to fracture showed a lower risk of fracture-related hospitalization when they drank black tea, due to the particular classes of flavonoids present in it. People also showed a lower probability of arthritis due to the found in this popular beverage. The Arthritis Foundation in the US included tea in its list of recommended beverages for people with arthritis.
May Prevent Parkinson’s
Emerging evidence suggests that black tea may prevent the development of Parkinson’s disease. The reason for this ability seems unclear and often contradictory. Some studies attribute it to the caffeine found in black tea. The reduced risk appeared to be associated with people who smoke and men (rather than women). However, a Singapore health study which found similar efficacy in black tea, deduced that this ability came from non-caffeine related ingredients. Yet another study attributed this ability to the powerful polyphenols found in black tea. Whatever the reason, all these studies agreed that black tea shows potential in preventing Parkinson’s disease.
Caffeine, present in black tea, is a psychostimulant that enhances alertness and improves performance. A review, published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, found four studies that examined the association between tea and alertness. Black tea was found to improve performance and accuracy immediately after consumption.
Skin And Hair Care
Black tea is used in many cultures for skin- and hair-related problems. Black tea is used in face packs, hair packs, and for home remedies like relieving puffy eyes. Emerging evidence shows that it may be the potent polyphenols and catechins of black tea help in addressing issues in skin and hair care. A 2019 review of tea extracts in cosmetics, published in the journal Molecules, found that the catechins in tea were responsible for anti-aging, photoprotective, and antioxidant properties.
Finally, what all this evidence shows us is that regular consumption of black tea can help boost immunity. In vitro studies have shown that black tea helps improve immune pathways. This can be attributed to the polyphenols in the tea, which can help in preventing diseases and strengthen the immune system from within.
For those looking for weight loss, unsweetened black tea could be the beverage of choice. Multiple researches have shown that black tea aids weight loss. A UCLA research found that black tea can alter our energy metabolism by changing the bacteria in our gut, thereby helping in weight loss. A 2018 study attributed weight loss properties to the presence of theaflavins in black tea. It found that fully fermented teas like black tea are as effective as green tea for weight loss.
Explore more options with our article on 9 Best Teas For Weight Loss.
How to Make Black Tea?
It is very easy to make loose black tea. Just follow the steps below!
Soothing Black Tea Recipe
- 1 cup simmering water and some more, if you wish to pre-heat the equipment used to brew tea
- 1 tbsp 2 to 3 grams of loose leaf black tea
- 1 tsp milk, lemon, sugar, honey optional
- Pour 1 cup of water in a teapot and heat it on a medium flame.
- As the water comes to a boil, add 1-2 tablespoons of loose, black tea of your choice.
- Place the lid on the teapot, or if using a cup, cover the cup with a lid or a small saucer.
- Let it steep for 3 to 5 minutes. It’s best to taste your tea after 3 minutes and then after every 30 seconds until it satisfies your taste.
- You can add milk or honey to sweeten your tea. Many people also prefer adding lemon and/or sugar cubes to their tea.
Chinese people add sweetening agents, spices, chocolate, or even rare herbs while brewing black tea. In India, milk and sugar are normally added to it. Some people add lemon or various herbs including ginger, cinnamon, cardamom, lemongrass, mulethi or holy basil (tulsi) to make chai tea or masala chai (popular spicy tea in India).
How to Select and Store?
- It is better to buy organic black tea bags or loose black tea leaves to avoid adulteration with chemicals.
- Choose Chinese black tea for light and Darjeeling black tea for strong flavor.
- Black tea is a wide classification and includes many different teas, such as Darjeeling, Ceylon, and Kenyan tea. The flavor of the tea changes accordingly. So, check the label before buying.
- Store the leaves in a tin container. Keep them away from sunlight and moisture.
Black tea is perfectly safe. But too much of a good thing can also be bad. Drinking excess tea (more than 5 cups) can cause caffeine overload, which is associated with unwanted side-effects. These are:
- Nervousness and irritability
- Sleep problems
- Vomiting, heartburn, and diarrhea
- Irregular heartbeat and tremors
- Dizziness, ringing in the ears, confusion, and convulsions
In addition, cautious consumption is recommended in the case of children, pregnant or breastfeeding women, people with anemia, heart problems, anxiety, and bleeding disorders. People with glaucoma, hormone-sensitive conditions such as breast cancer, IBS, and high blood pressure should also keep their tea consumption to the minimum. It is also advisable to avoid drinking tea before bedtime as it can cause restlessness. Caffeine can also interact with certain medicines. So, take your doctor or herbalist’s advice on safe consumption.
Other than the side effects mentioned above, black tea has a lot of benefits. You will find it in almost every corner of the world. It is readily available and you can choose from hundreds of flavors and mixtures on the market. So, go ahead and enjoy a cup of hot tea!