To many of us, a field of dandelions may conjure images of skipping through a field or a relaxing day in the park. While it is considered to be a weed-like plant by many, the health benefits of dandelion are more than you might expect. They include relief from liver disorders, diabetes, urinary disorders, jaundice, and even anemia. It also helps in maintaining bone health, skincare, and weight loss. Moreover, dandelion is also known to aid in improving appetite, reducing muscle pain, stomach disorders, and it helps treat bruises as well.
What is Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)?
Dandelion is a flower and is a broad term for many types of flowers that are native to Europe and North America. Taraxacum is the large genus to which these plants belong. They are herbaceous and perennial plants that grow very well in temperate climates. They also reproduce quickly and effectively, so it is possible to cultivate plenty of dandelions at the same time.
Interestingly, dandelion translates into a “lion’s tooth” in French. Despite the health benefits of dandelions, they are more popular as ornamental flowering plants than as a medicine. These flowers have a yellow color and are frequently seen in gardens. In terms of history, the plant is believed to have evolved about 30 million years ago in Eurasia.
|Serving Size :|
|Total lipid (fat) [g]||0.7|
|Carbohydrate, by difference [g]||9.2|
|Fiber, total dietary [g]||3.5|
|Sugars, total including NLEA [g]||0.71|
|Calcium, Ca [mg]||187|
|Iron, Fe [mg]||3.1|
|Magnesium, Mg [mg]||36|
|Phosphorus, P [mg]||66|
|Potassium, K [mg]||397|
|Sodium, Na [mg]||76|
|Zinc, Zn [mg]||0.41|
|Copper, Cu [mg]||0.17|
|Manganese, Mn [mg]||0.34|
|Selenium, Se [µg]||0.5|
|Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid [mg]||35|
|Pantothenic acid [mg]||0.08|
|Vitamin B-6 [mg]||0.25|
|Folate, total [µg]||27|
|Folate, food [µg]||27|
|Folate, DFE [µg]||27|
|Choline, total [mg]||35.3|
|Vitamin A, RAE [µg]||508|
|Carotene, beta [µg]||5854|
|Carotene, alpha [µg]||363|
|Cryptoxanthin, beta [µg]||121|
|Vitamin A, IU [IU]||10161|
|Lutein + zeaxanthin [µg]||13610|
|Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) [mg]||3.44|
|Vitamin K (phylloquinone) [µg]||778.4|
|Fatty acids, total saturated [g]||0.17|
|Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g]||0.01|
|Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g]||0.31|
|Sources include : USDA|
Dandelion Nutrition Facts
According to the USDA Food Data Central, one cup of chopped dandelion greens are mostly made up of water and low in calories. They also contain carbohydrates and fiber. Other nutrients include vitamins A, B6, C, and K as well as minerals, iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium.
Health Benefits of Dandelion
Let us understand the different health benefits of dandelions below.
Promotes a Healthy Liver
A study published in the Korea Food Research Institute has found that dandelion leaf extract may provide relief from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Some people also believe that antioxidants like vitamin C and luteolin, in dandelions, may keep the liver functioning in optimal gear. These nutrients protect it from toxins and help treat in the liver.
Aids in Digestion
A study published in 2017 states that inulin, a , is very helpful in maintaining a healthy gut. It turns out that dandelions contain a good amount of inulin, so adding it to your diet can contribute to improved bacterial flora in the intestinal tract.
Dandelion supplements aid in maintaining the proper flow of bile, while also stimulating the liver and promoting digestion. Being rich in fiber, dandelions also aid in lowering the risk of dyspepsia, diverticulosis, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Dandelion is commonly prescribed for children who are experiencing constipation, as it is relatively soothing on the stomach.
Helps Manage Diabetes
A research study published in The Review of Diabetic Studies revealed that dandelion exhibits promising anti-diabetic properties. Dandelion juice aids people with diabetes by stimulating the production of insulin from the pancreas, thereby regulating the blood sugar level. Regulated blood sugar and maintained insulin level may help prevent dangerous spikes and plunges in people with diabetes.
Dandelion sap, also known as dandelion milk, is useful in treating skin diseases, which are caused by microbial and fungal infections. This treatment stems from the fact that the sap is highly alkaline and has germicidal, , and fungicidal properties.
In a 2015 study, dandelion extracts show potential in protecting your skin from UV damage. The research says that excess exposure to UV irradiation causes premature aging of the skin and dandelion leaf and flower extracts can shield you from that.
Furthermore, dandelion extracts have anti-helps in your skin.properties, which may help curb acne. It also
Studies on herbal remedies for weight loss show that dandelion may be helpful. One research suggests that bitter herbs like dandelion, when taken in the form of tea or infusions, may help in the breakdown of fat. While many people include dandelion in their diet for weight management, an ample amount of research is still awaited to gauge its effect on obesity.
A report by Dr. Arnab Roy Chowdhury, Dr. Shalini Sharma, and others, in the Biochemical Journal states that luteolin poisons essential components of cancer cells when it binds to them, rendering them ineffective and unable to reproduce.
Dandelion has been traditionally used to relieve symptoms of hepatitis and according to research, the dandelion supplements may aid in treating hepatitis. Another study suggests that dandelion may help protect the immune system against various diseases with the potential for developing therapies for certain diseases with reduced side effects. It has properties and may aid in preventing bacterial infections. A 2018 study suggests dandelions have properties that fight Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
Dandelions have good levels of iron, vitamins, and protein. While iron is an integral part of hemoglobin in the blood, vitamin B and protein are essential for the formation of red blood cells (RBCs) and certain other components of the blood.
Regulates Blood Pressure
Dandelions, being diuretic in nature, increase urination, both in quantity and frequency. Traditional medicine believes that this helps in detoxifying your body. Anecdotal evidence also suggests that it helps in riding your body of excess fluids, thereby lowering .
Dandelion is a good source of potassium. This mineral has been connected to lower blood pressure in people who have and are not taking any medicines.
Vitamin A, calcium, and iron, found in dandelions, are great nutrients for any mom-to-be. The American Pregnancy Association suggests that it can help relieve mild edema and nourish the liver. It also aids in the third trimester as it can protect pregnant women from night blindness.
Including Dandelions in Your Diet
There are many ways to include dandelion in your diet as it is available in many forms. Here are the recommended dosages of this plant and its supplements.
- Fresh leaves: 4-10 g daily
- Dried leaves: 4-10 g daily
- Leaf tincture: 2-5 ml, three times a day
- Fresh leaf juice: 1 teaspoon twice daily
- Fluid extract: 1-2 teaspoon daily
- Fresh roots: 2-8 g daily
- Dried powder extract: 250-1000 mg four times a day
You can use dandelions in your daily diet in the following ways.
- You can enjoy dandelion wine, fry up the flowers into fritters, make coffee out of the stem, leaves, and seeds, and so much more.
- Our recipe on dandelion root tea and dandelion leaf tea are great options if you are looking for a new addition to your breakfast.
- If you have dandelion flowers on hand, you can also make a chilled cup of dandelion flower tea.
- You can use dandelion greens in your salads, to add some unique nutrients to the meal and can also add them to make sandwiches in place of lettuce.
- Dandelion greens can be used to make pesto for a new taste.
Side Effects of Dandelions
There are a couple of side effects when you include dandelions in your diet. They are:
- Dandelions can be helpful in lowering blood sugar, but for people already taking blood-sugar modulators, this can result in , an equally dangerous condition.
- If you are allergic to plants like ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, and daisies, you may experience the same with dandelions. The milky sap of dandelions has been known to cause itchiness, irritation, or allergic reactions on the skin, and should be kept away from the eyes.
- There is a rare type of fiber in dandelions called inulin and some people have a predisposed sensitivity or allergy to it which can be quite severe.
Consult your doctor before adding dandelion or its supplements in addition to your normal treatment.
While adding dandelions to your diet in any way, start small and closely monitor your body’s response. Other than that, pick some delicious dandelion greens and get healthy!