Blood Clots: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

A blood clot is a blockage of a healthy vessel that can lead to a variety of problematic situations. This may happen in any blood vessel and must be taken care of immediately. This problem usually affects obese people, but those suffering from other clinical conditions can also cause it and result in a very dangerous situation. If the clot is not cured, it may require surgery or even amputation of a limb. There are many home remedies to reduce blood clots and it’s always beneficial for patients at high risk to use these to stay active and healthy, either as a treatment or a preventative method.

Blood clotting consists of a mass of red blood cells and other components of cells that clump together at the site of injuries and stop the blood flow in the vessel. After being injured, it is important for you to prevent as much blood loss as possible. However, if this injury happens to a healthy blood vessel that is flowing, it may cause a sudden blockage of blood flow. This is called as emboli, which occurs rarely but is often dangerous and can lead to tissue damage and even death.

Blood flow can be blocked at several blood vessel sites and may cause different clinical conditions. The specific sites or arteries are explained below, as well as the related diseased condition to each variety.

Coronary artery blockage causes Coronary Thrombosis

Limb vessel blockage results in Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Lung vessel blockage causes Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

Any other vein that becomes blocked leads to Peripheral Venous Disorderbloodclot

Causes of Blood Clots

Blood clots may be caused by missing components in the blood system, plaque formation in the arteries (atherosclerosis), genetic factors, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, cholesterol, obesity, sickle cell anemia, liver diseases, injury, and old age.

Your risk may be increased after surgery or on long plane rides (in which you sit very still for long periods). However, blood clots can also occur spontaneously.

A blood clot in the lungs is generally caused by a clot forming elsewhere in the body, and then traveling toward the lungs. This is called a pulmonary embolism and is considered a medical emergency.

Identification, Signs & Symptoms of Blood Clots

According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, about 350,000 to 600,000 people in America suffer from blood clotting in the legs or lungs each year; and hundreds of thousands of people die from this condition every year. Some of the symptoms observed in these patients include excessive pain at the site of clot formation, swelling and tenderness, blue-colored bulge, and ulcers. While, in case of pulmonary embolism, you will experience a sudden shortness of breath, pain in your chest, heart palpitations, or blood in a cough – if any of this happens, you need to see a doctor immediately. You can also undergo an ultrasound, CT scan, and venography for proper identification of the condition.

Treatments & Home Remedies for Blood Clots

The treatments and home remedies for blood clots include blood thinners, canola oil, mustard oil, safflower oil, bread, beans, cereals, brussels sprouts, asparagus, broccoli, cayenne, vitamin-C, banana, apricot, spinach, raisins, gingko, bilberry, turmeric, ginger, onion, garlic, spinach, pepper, clove, orange juice, and skimmed milk. Furthermore, you should drink plenty of water, avoid smoking, reduce obesity, use heating pads, and decrease your use of alcohol and sleeping pills.

Medical Treatments

Generally, blood thinners or anticoagulant medicines are used to treat blood clots. Other times, a surgery can also be performed in order to treat them.

Canola Oil and Mustard Oil

These oils contain low levels of fat and should be used for cooking purposes, rather than high-fat oils.

Bread, Beans, Cereals, Sprouts, and Asparagus

These are all rich in folate content which has certain metabolic and enzymatic properties which make brittle arteries more flexible.


Broccoli is rich in fiber and is considered good for patients suffering from vascular disorders.


Celery contains an active compound that acts to lower stress hormones, which thins or narrows blood vessels. This way, blood vessels maintain their optimum diameter.

Cayenne (capsicum) and Pepper

Both of these help in preventing platelets from sticking together.

Vitamin C

This powerful vitamin is an antioxidant and actively works to maintain proper vascular health.

Banana, Apricot, Spinach, and Orange Juice

All of these keeps the vascular system active and maintain proper blood pressure.

Lean Beef

Intake of lean beef may also help in lowering blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Skim Milk

Skim milk contains the calcium needed for platelet functioning but it must be of the skimmed variety as fat deposits on the walls of blood vessels, thereby thinning their diameter.

Avoid Obesity

Obesity is caused due to a high-fat diet, which results in the deposition of fat on the walls of blood vessels. This leads to a reduction in the diameter, increasing the chances of clots and associated health concerns like atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes.


Physical activity of all kinds is important, because constant activity keeps blood flowing through various body parts, keeping the vessels clear.


Gingko reduces fibrin content, a protein that is important in forming blood clots.

Bilberry, Turmeric, and Ginger

Bilberry, turmeric and ginger reduce the phenomenon of platelets becoming clumped, which leads to blood clot formation.

Regular Exercise

Regular exercise must be done as it is very important for patients to keep the blood flowing through all vessels continuously.

Avoid Smoking

Smoking results in the replacement of oxygen by carbon monoxide to the already starved muscles surrounding the veins. Therefore it complicates the situation of blood clotting; smoking should always be avoided.

bloodclotinfographicOnion and Garlic

Onions and garlic also reduce the fibrin content of the body and reduce the clumping of platelets.


Applying hot and cold packs alternatively at the site of pain results in a continuous flow of blood at the site of the blood clot, helping to break it down before it can do any more harm.


Massage stimulates blood flow to the specific part of the body being massaged, thereby reducing the chances of blood clots at that spot.

Spinach, Pepper, Garlic, and Clove

Spinach leaves and one bulb each of pepper, garlic, and cloves are put together to extract the juice and then mixed well. This concoction can then be drunk by the patient to enjoy the health benefits.

According to the High Blood Pressure Connection, one must drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration and you should also avoid alcohol and sleeping pills because they cause immobility, thereby raising the risk of blood flow blockage. Regular check-ups with a medical professional are also recommended, so you can check your blood pressure and cholesterol levels to make sure they are within the normal, healthy range.

What does a blood clot feel like?

If you have a blood clot, you may not feel anything at all – so if you suspect you may have a blood clot, it’s important to talk to your doctor as soon as possible. A common blood clot is one that occurs in the veins of the leg – you may feel pain or notice redness or swelling.

How do you know if you have a blood clot?

Sometimes there are no symptoms of a blood clot. They most commonly occur in legs; these can be dangerous if some of it breaks off and moves to your lungs or heart. If there is a blood clot in your leg, you might notice swelling, pain or redness. If you do, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible.

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