Abdominal Pain- Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Abdominal pain refers to the condition of acute pain felt in the region between the chest and the groin. It affects a number of organs, including the stomach, liver, kidneys, gallbladder, pancreas, and intestines. It may be caused due to digestive issues, metabolic disorders or other complicated reasons. It is known by various names like stomach pains, bellyaches, or abdominal cramps. The pain may last for a short duration or for extended periods of the day. It may also be followed or accompanied by other problems like vomiting. If it is only mildly painful, it may be treated with basic home remedies. In case of severe pain, you might need to consult a doctor for diagnosis of a more serious problem.

Causes of Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pains can be caused by a number of reasons. Here is a summary of the most common reasons that lead to this situation:

  • It may be the result of overeating, digestive malfunctioning, the formation of excess gas, or constipation.
  • It may be due to inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis.
  • It may also be caused due to infections in the urinary tract.
  • It may be caused due to inflammation of the gallbladder, appendix, or other sensitive body parts.
  • The presence of stones in the kidneys or the gallbladder can also cause abdominal pain.
  • In women, it might be caused by the pre-menstrual disorder.
  • An imbalance in different types of body acids may also lead to pain in the abdomen.
  • Milk intolerance, stomach flu, ulcers, and allergies due to different food products are some other causes of abdominal pain.
  • Also, it may be caused by food poisoning or parasitic infections.

Abdominal pain


Symptoms of Abdominal Pain

Pain and discomfort in the region around the stomach, which covers the area between the chest and the groin, is the easiest way to describe the symptoms of abdominal pain. It may be followed by other symptoms like vomiting, nausea, heartburn, and difficulty in breathing.

Effects of Abdominal Pain

The abdominal pain may lead to discomfort in areas like the chest, neck, and shoulders, apart from stomach itself. It may also cause vomiting and inefficient muscle movement. A person suffering from this problem becomes incapable of performing any type of activity.

Medical Treatments

Sometimes, it so happens that the abdominal pain cannot be treated by means of home remedies, therefore making it essential to consult a doctor for the purpose. Here, for the sake of simplicity, we have divided the medical treatment for abdominal pain into three parts on the basis of their severity:

Require Immediate Attention

If the patient is vomiting blood and has extreme difficulty breathing, then you need to make an emergency call and get the person treated. There can also be signs of appendicitis, these include pain and tenderness in the lower abdomen with fever and vomiting.

Require a Doctor

If the patient is suffering from severe abdominal pain that is lasting more than two days; has nausea, fever, etc., then you need to call a doctor and fix an appointment. Other symptoms can be a stool with blood in it, pain while urinating, blood in the urine, vomiting, difficulty breathing, etc. You should also see a doctor if you’re experiencing heartburn.

Require First-aid

You can take an over the counter antacid for heartburn caused by GERD. A mild stool softener can be taken in case of constipation. Some abdominal pain medicines to remember are Anacin, liquiprin, Panadol, and Tylenol.

Home Remedies for Abdominal Pain

Home remedies for abdominal pain have become popular over time, since, usually the discomfort can be relieved without having to go to a doctor. They are useful in getting rid of this uncomfortable situation and therefore, we have discussed some of these remedies below.


Make a paste with the help of hing powder (Asafetida) and water. Then, apply it to your belly button and lay down to rest for a few minutes. This will allow the release of gas from the body and will relieve you of any abdominal pain.

Celery Seeds

Another home remedy for abdominal pain is to chew half a teaspoon of celery seeds, along with salt. After that, you should drink a glass of warm water.

Mixture of Honey and Bay Leaf

A mixture of honeybay leaf powder, and long piper may also be consumed to get rid of the abdominal pain.

Ginger Juice

Another great home remedy for abdominal pain is to apply ginger juice around the belly button. According to American Chronicle, ginger helps in relief from stomach pain which results from dyspepsia, colic, spasm, flatulence, and other painful infections in the stomach.


Mixture of Different Oils

Applying a mixture of clove oil (2 drops), peppermint oil (3 drops), and vegetable oil (1 teaspoon) around the affected area is also beneficial in cases of abdominal pain. Another home-based treatment is the application of angelica oil (2 drops), almond oil (1 teaspoon) and peppermint oil (3 drops) in the form of a mixture around the affected area.  Another option is to prepare a mixture of 2 drops coriander oil, 3 drops eucalyptus oil, 1 drop fennel oil, and 1 teaspoon almond oil and apply it at regular intervals over the belly button. Also, you may use a mixture of 3 drops coriander oil, 2 drops marjoram and 1 teaspoon of vegetable oil to get rid of the abdominal pain. You have to apply this mixture to the affected area.

Heating Tab

It is also a good idea to apply a heating tab over the affected area to reduce abdominal pain. Also, you may use a clean cloth dipped in warm water to achieve the same result.

Avocado Leaves and Seeds

Avocado leaves and seeds are also great parts of home remedies for abdominal pain and other related problems.

Fresh Orange Juice

Fresh orange juice, followed by a liquid diet, is also helpful in getting rid of the abdominal pain.

Bishop’s Weed

Bishop’s weed in the quantity of half a teaspoon, along with rock salt, is also a recommended home remedy for abdominal pain.

Prevention for Abdominal Pain

There are a few precautions that you can take in order to prevent abdominal pain. They are:

  • Avoid constipation by developing healthy bowel habits
  • Adopt healthy eating habits. Eat slowly and avoid over-eating.
  • Avoid drinking carbonated drink and chewing gums. This will prevent the swallowing of air that results in the generation of gas, thereby causing abdominal pain.

To sum up, keeping a healthy diet, sleeping well, exercising, etc. will all help prevent abdominal pains from happening.

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